MCQs INDIAN CONSTITUTION POLITY NCERT CLASS 11

MCQs INDIAN CONSTITUTION POLITY NCERT CLASS 11 

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS ON NCERT BOOKS

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding functions of constitution:

  1. It provide a set of basic rules that allow for minimal coordination amongst members of a society.
  2. It specifies who has the power to make decisions in a society.
  3. It sets some limits on what a government can impose on its citizens.
  4. It enables the government to fulfil the aspirations of a society and create conditions for a just society.
  5. It expresses the fundamental identity of people.

Identify the correct statements:
a) All except 5
b) All except 1
c) All are correct
d) All except 2

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding Constituent Assembly:

  1. Originally it was elected for undivided India.
  2. It was composed roughly along the lines suggested by the plan proposed by the Cabinet Mission committee.
  3. All the members of assemble were actually present on 26 November 1949 and appended their signature to the Constitution as finally passed.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) None is correct

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding objective resolution:

  1. The minorities, backward and tribal areas, depressed and other backward classes shall be provided adequate safeguards;
  2. The land (India) would make full and willing contribution to the promotion of world peace and welfare of mankind.

Identify the incorrect statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None

Q4. Consider the following Statements:

Constitutional ProvisionCountry from where Borrowed
1Rule of LawBritish
2Quasi Federal Govt.Canada
3Judicial ReviewUS
4Institution of speaker & its roleAustralia

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1, 2 & 3 only
b) 2, 3 & 4  only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding Right to Equality in Indian constitution:

  1. Article 16(4) of the constitution explicitly clarifies that a policy like reservation will not be seen as a violation of right to equality.
  2. State shall confer no title on a person including in military or academic field.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding Freedom of religion:

  1. Freedom of religion includes persuading people to convert from one religion to another.
  2. Freedom of religion also includes the freedom of conscience.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding Fundamental rights of Minorities:

  1. Only linguistic minorities can set up their own educational institutions.
  2. The government will not, while granting aid to educational institutions, discriminate against any educational institution on the basis that it is under the management of minority community.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding Directive Principles:

  1. They contain the goals and objectives that we as a society should adopt.
  2. They contain certain rights that individuals should enjoy apart from the Fundamental Rights.
  3. They contain certain policies that the government should adopt.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding First Past the Post (FPTP) system.

  1. The winning candidate needs to secure more than 50% of the votes polled.
  2. This method is also called the Plurality System.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding Proportional Representation system:

  1. In this system, voters exercise their preference for a party and not a candidate.
  2. In India, we have adopted a variation of  PR system for the election of President, Vice President, and for the election to the Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Parishads.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q11. Which of following is function of delimitation commission:

  1. drawing up the boundaries of constituencies all over the country.
  2. deciding constituencies to be reserved for SCs & STs.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding Election Commission:

  1. The Election Commission of India is mandated to be a multi-member body.
  2. The CEC and the two Election Commissioners have equal powers to take all decisions relating to elections as a collective body.
  3. CEC & other Election Commissioners are appointed by the President of India on the advice of the Council of Ministers.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q13. Consider the following Statements regarding semi-presidential system:

  1. A semi-presidential system has both a president and a prime minister but unlike the parliamentary system the president may possess significant day-to-day powers.
  2. In this system, it is possible that sometimes the president and the prime minister may belong to the same party and at times they may belong to two different parties and thus, would be opposed to each other.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q14. Which authority/position was described by Pt. Nehru as the linchpin of government:

a) Prime Minister
b) Home Minister
c) Parliament
d) President

Q15. Consider the following Statements regarding rationale for having Rajya Sabha as part of legislature:

  1. It helps to give representation to all sections in the society and all geographical regions or parts of the country.
  2. It keeps a check on hasty decisions of Lok Sabha.
  3. It is a permanent house & hence imparts stability to democratic system.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q16. Consider the following Statements regarding upper house of legislature in USA & India:

  1. In the U.S.A, every state has equal representation in the Senate.
  2. In India, representation in rajya sabha depends on population of that state.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q17. Consider the following Statements regarding functions of parliament:

  1. enact legislations for the country
  2. control of Executive and ensuring its accountability
  3. control over finances of govt.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q18. Consider the following Statements regarding introduction of bills in parliament:

  1. When member of house who is not from ruling party proposes a bill, it is called private member’s Bill.
  2. Money bills cannot be introduced in Rajya Sabha.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q19. Consider the following Statements regarding parliamentary privilege:

  1. No action can be taken against a member for whatever the member may have said in the legislature.
  2. Supreme Court has the final powers in deciding matters of breach of privilege.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q20. What comes under purview of defection:

  1. member remains absent in the House when asked by the party leadership to remain present.
  2. member voting against the instructions of the party.
  3. member voluntarily leaves the membership of the party.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q21. Consider the following Statements regarding Judges of Supreme Court

  1. The convention of appointing senior most judge of supreme court as Chief Justice has never been broken.
  2. So far no case for removal of judge of supreme court has come before Parliament.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q22. Consider the following Statements regarding orders of Supreme Court:

  1. Decisions made by the Supreme Court are binding on all other courts within the territory of India.
  2. The Supreme Court itself is not bound by its decision and can at any time review it.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q23. Which provisions of the Constitution establish the Supreme Court as the protector of fundamental rights:

  1. It can restore fundamental rights by issuing writs.
  2. It can declare the concerned law as unconstitutional under Art. 13 for violation of Fundamental Rights.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q24. Consider the following Statements regarding power of judicial review:

  1. Judicial Review means the power of the Supreme Court (or High Courts) to examine the constitutionality of any law.
  2. The term judicial review is expressly mentioned in constitution in Article 13.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q25. Consider the following Statements regarding Federalism in India:

  1. The word federation is nowhere mentioned in the constituion.
  2. One of the important aspects of division of powers is that most of the economic and financial powers are centralised in the hands of the central government by the Constitution.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q26. Consider the following Statements regarding special provisions relating to Jammu & Kashmir:

  1. J&K has a separate constitution and a flag.
  2. The union government cannot impose a financial emergency in the State and the Directive Principles do not apply in J&K.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q27. Consider the following Statements regarding Local government in India:

  1. Following the Government of India Act 1919, village panchayats were established in a number of provinces.
  2. In 1989 the P.K.Thungon Committee recommended constitutional recognition for the local government bodies.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q28. Which of following conditions are to be satisfied for being classified as an urban area as per Census of India:

  1. a minimum population of 5000
  2. at least 75 per cent of male working population engaged in non-agricultural occupations
  3. density of population of at least 400 persons per sq. km.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q29. Consider the following Statements regarding constitutional amendment bill:

  1. President has the power to send it back for reconsideration.
  2. For amending the remaining parts of the Constitution, provision has been made in Article 368 of the Constitution.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q30. Consider the following Statements regarding amendments to the constitution:

  1. 38th, 39th and 42nd amendments have been the most controversial amendments so far.
  2. These three amendments were made in the background of internal emergency declared in the country from June 1975.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

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