MCQs on Indian Year Book 2017 – Welfare

MCQs on Indian Year Book 2017 – Welfare

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding

  1. Protection of Civil Rights Act extends to the whole of India and provides punishment for the practice of untouchability.
  2. Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Preventions of Atrocities) Act aims at preventing commission of offences by persons (including Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding National Commission for Scheduled Castes and
Scheduled Tribes:

  1. The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was set up under Article 383 of the Constitution in 1990.
  2. It was bifurcated into two Commissions namely, National Commission for Scheduled Castes and National Commission for Scheduled Tribes after the 89th Constitutional (Amendment) Act, 2003.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation:

  1. It was set up in February, 1989 under Section the Companies Act.
  2. The broad objective of NSFDC is to provide financial assistance in the form of concessional loans to scheduled castes families and skillcum- entrepreneurial training to the youth of the target group, living below double the poverty line

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding Department of Empowerment of Persons with
Disabilities (DEPwD):

  1. The Department is under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and acts as a Nodal Agency for matters pertaining to disability and Persons with Disabilities
  2. It has formulated the accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan), as a nation-wide campaign for achieving universal accessibility for PwDs.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas:

  1. The Fifth Schedule under Article 244 (2) of the Constitution relates to those areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram which are declared as “Tribal Areas” and provides for District Councils and/or Regional Councils for such Areas.
  2. The Sixth Schedule under Article 244 (1) of Constitution defines “Scheduled Areas” as such areas as the President may by Order declare to be Scheduled Areas after consultation with the Governor of the state.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q6. Which of the following comes under criteria for declaring any area as scheduled area under fifth schedule:

  1. preponderance of tribal population
  2. compactness and reasonable size of the area
  3. a viable administrative entity such as a district, block or taluk
  4. economic backwardness of the area as compared to neighbouring areas.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1, 2 & 3 only
b) 2, 3 & 4 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 4 only

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding Position of Governor w.r.t. scheduled areas:

  1. Governor may prohibit or restrict transfer of land, regulate the business of money lending w.r.t. tribal people or may in this regard repeal or amend any Act of Parliament or of the Legislature of the State.
  2. Governor may by  public notification direct that any particular Act of Parliament or State Legislature shall not apply to a Scheduled Area shall apply with modifications.
  3. Governor shall make a report to the President regarding the administration of the Scheduled Areas in that State and the executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of directions to the State as to the administration of the said area.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding Scheduled Tribes:

  1. The list of Scheduled Tribes is State-specific.
  2. The criteria for declaration of scheduled tribes is defined in constitution.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding Tribal Sub Plan:

  1. The present Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) strategy was developed for rapid socioeconomic
    development of tribal people and was adopted for the first time in the Eighth Five Year Plan.
  2. The funds provided under the Tribal Sub Plan of the State have to be at least equal in proportion to the ST population of each State or UT

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q10. Which body is engaged in the marketing development of tribal products?

a) TRIFED
b) National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation.
c) National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.
d) e-NAM

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding Welfare of other Backward Classes:

  1. In the light of Mandal Commission report, the Government of India provided 27 per cent reservation in Central Government posts for persons belonging to the Socially and Economically Backward Classes.
  2. The National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) was set up in August, 1993 as a constitutional body.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding Minorities:

  1. Six religious communities viz., Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains have been notified as minorities as per provisions under the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) Act, 1992.
  2. Govt has launched 15-Point Programme for the Welfare of Minorities which among other things provides that 15 per cent of physical targets and financial outlays under various schemes should be earmarked for minorities.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q13. Consider the following Statements regarding WAKF:

  1. A Wakf is a permanent dedication of immovable (and not movable) properties for purposes recognised by the Muslim Law as religious, pious or charitable.
  2. For the purpose of proper administration of the Wakfs in the country, the Central Wakf Council was established as a statutory body by the Central Government.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q14. Consider the following Statements regarding welfare schemes for women:

SchemeFocus Area
1Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent
Girls – (RGSEAG)-Sabla
all-round development of adolescent
girls (AGs) of 11-18 years
2Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)Conditional Cash Transfer Scheme for pregnant and lactating women for unorganised sector women.
3 Women Empowerment and Livelihood Programme in
Mid-Gangetic Plains or “Priyadarshini”
holistic empowerment (economic and
social) of vulnerable groups of women and adolescent girls in the project area through formation of women’s Self Help Groups (SHGs)
4SwadharComprehensive Scheme for Prevention of trafficking, with five specific components – prevention, rescue, rehabilitation, reintegration & repatriation.

 

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1, 2 & 3 only
b) 2 & 4 only
c) All are correct
d) 1, 2 & 4 only

Q15. Consider the following Statements regarding Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest
Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006

  1. It  seeks to recognize and vest the forest rights and occupation in forest land in forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers who have been residing in such forests for generations but whose rights on ancestral lands and their habitat were not adequately recognized
  2. The Forest Rights Act, (FRA)2006 was recently reviewed under PRAGATI initiative

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q16. Consider the following Statements regarding National Policy for Children:

  1. It recognizes every person below the age of 14 years as a child.
  2. The Policy recognizes childhood as an integral part of life with a value of its own, and a long term, sustainable, multi-sectoral, integrated and inclusive approach is necessary for the harmonious development and protection of children.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q17. Which of following is a constitutional body:

a) National Commission for Women
b) National Commission for Minorities
c) National Human Rights Commssion
d) National Commission for Scheduled Tribes

Q18. Consider the following Statements regarding Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme:

  1. The programme aims at addressing health, nutrition and the development needs of young children, pregnant and nursing mothers.
  2. NIPCCD has been functioning as an apex institution for training of the ICDS functionaries

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Solutions:

QuesSolExplanation
1aScheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Preventions of Atrocities) Act aims at preventing commission of offences by persons other than Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
2c
3c
4c
5dBoth are reversed
6c
7c
8aThe criteria for declaration of scheduled tribes in not defined in constitution. The term Scheduled Tribes is defined in the Constitution of India under Article 366(25) as such tribes or tribal communities or parts of groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes. President may, with respect to any State or Union Territory, and where it is a State, after consultation with the Governor thereof, notify tribes or tribal communities or parts thereof as Scheduled Tribes. Parliament may, by law, include in or exclude from the list of Scheduled Tribes, any tribe or tribal community or parts thereof.  The criteria generally adopted for specification of a community as a Scheduled Tribe are : (a) indications of primitive traits; (b) distinctive culture; (c) shyness of contact with the community at large; and(d) geographical isolation i.e. backwardness. These are not spelt out in the Constitution but have become well established. It is worth noting that no community has been specified as a Scheduled Tribe in relation to the States of Haryana and Punjab and the Union Territories of Chandigarh, Delhi and Puducherry. The guiding principle is that no person who is not a Scheduled Tribe by birth will be deemed to be a member of Scheduled Tribe merely because he or she has married a person belonging to a Scheduled Tribe.
9bThe present Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) strategy was developed for rapid socioeconomic
development of tribal people and was adopted for the first time in the Fifth Five Year Plan.
10aTRIFED – Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited
11aThe National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) was set up in August, 1993 as per the provision of the National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993.
12c
13bA Wakf is a permanent dedication of movable or immovable properties for purposes recognised by the Muslim Law as religious, pious or charitable.
14a‘Ujjawala’ is a Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of trafficking, with five specific components – prevention, rescue, rehabilitation, reintegration & repatriation. Swadhar aims at holistic and integrated services to women in difficult circumstances and without any family, social and economic support, such as destitute widows, surivors of natural disasters, rescued or runaway from brothels etc.
15c
16bIt recognizes every person below the age of eighteen years as a child.
17d
18c

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