MCQs on Indian Year Book 2017 – Water Resources

MCQs on Indian Year Book 2017 – Water Resources

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding Water related mission/mechanisms in India:

  1. National Water Mission, under NAPCC., aims at “conservation of water, minimizing wastage and ensuring its more equitable distribution.
  2. The National Water Policy, 2012 lays emphasis on community participation in management of
    water resources projects and services.
  3. The National Water Resources Council (NWRC), setup in 1983 is chaired by PM.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding Water Resources Potential of India:

  1. The average annual water availability of the country is assessed as 1869 billion cubic meters.
  2. Of this, total utilizable water resource is assessed as 1123 BCM out of which 690 BCM is surface water.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme:

  1. It was launched in 1996-97 to provide central assistance to major/medium irrigation projects in the country.
  2. Focus was on accelerating implementation of such projects which were beyond resource capability of the states or were in advanced stage of completion.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding Command Area Development and Water Management:

  1. The Centrally Sponsored Command Area Development (CAD) Programme was launched in 1974-75 for development of adequate delivery system of irrigation.
  2. The Programme is being implemented under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) – Har Khet Ko Pani – from 2015-16.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA):

  1. Central Ground Water Board was constituted as Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  2. As part of streamlining the regulatory function of CGWA, district magistrates/deputy
    commissioners of revenue districts have been appointed as authorized officers for grant of permission for extraction of ground water.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding Bansagar Control Board:

  1. The Board was set up in 1976 in accordance with the Bansagar Agreement reached between the Governments of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
  2. It was setup for for sharing the waters of river Betwa and the cost of the Bansagar dam.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding National Water Development Agency:

  1. The National Water Development Agency (NWDA) was established in 1982 to study the
    feasibility of the links under peninsular component of National Perspective Plan.
  2. Subsequently in 1990-91, NWDA Society resolved to take up the studies of the Himalayan Component also.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct:
d) None

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding National Institute of Hydrology:

  1. It is a premier R&D institute in the country to undertake, aid, promote and coordinate basic, applied and strategic research on all aspects of hydrology.
  2. The Institute has its headquarters at Kochi, Kerala.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Solutions:

QuesSolExplanation
1cNational Water Board , constituted in 1990 seeks to review the progress achieved in implementation of the National Water Policy and reports the same to the National Water Resources Council from time to time. National Water Academy (NWA) is an institute established by the Ministry under Central Water Commission at Khadakwasla, Pune.
Central Water Commission is headed by a Chairman, with the status of an Ex-Officio Secretary to the Government of India.CWC is charged with the general responsibility of initiating, coordinating and furthering in consultation with the State Governments concerned, schemes for the control, conservation and utilization of water resources.
2c
3c
4c
5c
6aIt was setup for for sharing the waters of river Sone and the cost of the Bansagar dam.
7c
8aThe Institute has its headquarters at Roorkee (Uttarakhand).

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