MCQs on Indian Year Book 2017 – Environment

MCQs on Indian Year Book 2017 – Environment

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding Biodiversity Conservation:

  1. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is one of the key agreements adopted during the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.
  2. India enacted the Biological Diversity (BD) Act in 2002 to give effect to the provision of this Convention.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q2. Which of following site hosts coral reefs in India:

  1. Gulf of Kutch
  2. Gulf of Mannar
  3. Andaman and Nicobar

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 2 only

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Mangroves:

  1. The mangrove ecosystems constitute a symbiotic link or bridge between terrestrial and marine ecosystems.
  2. Andaman and Nicobar Islands.have the maximum mangrove cover of India.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding Coral Reefs:

  1. The term ‘coral’ has been used to describe a variety of invertebrate animals of the Phylum Cnidaria including hard and soft corals.
  2. Coral reefs are the skeletons of stony coral polyps cemented together.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding Cartagena Biosafety Protocol:

  1. The main objective of the Protocol is to ensure safe transfer, handling and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology.
  2. India is not a party to the Protocol due to domestic considerations on biodiversity research.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding Forest Policy of India:

  1. The Indian Forest Act, 1927 (IFA), provides the legal framework for the protection and management of forest.
  2. National Forest Policy,1988 aims to have a minimum of one fourth of the total land area as forests.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding wildlife conservation in India:

  1. Project Elephant (PE) was launched in 1991-92 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
  2. The Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘Project Tiger’ was launched in 1973.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding Animal Welfare Board of India:

  1. The mandate of the Animal Welfare Division is to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals, in terms of the provision of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act.
  2. It was started under the stewardship of Late Smt. Rukmini Devi Arundale, well known humanitarian.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding Categorization of Industrial Sectors:

  1. Currently, Industries are classified on basis of pollution index under 4 categories – Red, Orange, Green and White Category.
  2. Industrial sectors having pollution index score of 60 and above—Red category.
  3. The newly introduced White category of industries pertains to those industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change:

  1. The fund, operationalised in 2015-16,  is meant to assist national and state level activities to meet the cost of adaptation measures in areas that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.
  2. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) is National Implementing Entity (NIE) for fund.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Solutions:

Ques.Sol.Explanation
1c
2c
3aMangroves are plants that survive high salinity, tidal regimes, strong wind velocity, high temperature and muddy anaerobic soil. West Bengal has themaximum mangrove cover in the country, followed by Gujarat and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
4c
5aIndia is a party to the Protocol.
6aNational Forest Policy,1988 aims to have a minimum of one third of the total land area as forests.
7c
8c
9cIndustrial sectors having pollution index score of 41 to 59— Orange category; Industrial sectors having pollution index score of 21 to 40—Green category.
10c

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