MCQs Geography NCERT Class 10

MCQs Geography NCERT Class 10

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

NCERT Books are the backbone of UPSC preparation. Here, we present a set of MCQs based on Key NCERT Books to enable you to revise and test your knowledge of NCERT Books.

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Q1. Consider the following:

  1. Technologically Accessible
  2. Economically Feasible
  3. Culturally Acceptable

Which of the above are characteristics of a resource:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding Sustainable development:

  1. The concept of sustainable development was introduced by Brundtland Commission Report, 1987.
  2. Agenda 21 aims at achieving global sustainable development.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q3. Which of following comes under the category of Land not available for cultivation:

  1. Barren and waste land
  2. Land put to non-agricultural uses

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q4. Which of following comes under the category of Fallow Land:

  1. Current fallow i.e. left without cultivation for one or less than one agricultural year.
  2. Other than current fallow i.e. left uncultivated for the past 1 to 5 agricultural years.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding Black Soil:

  1. Black soil is ideal for growing cotton and is also known as black cotton soil.
  2. This type of soil is typical of the Deccan trap (Basalt) region.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding classification of Forests in India:

  1. More than half of the total forest land has been declared reserved forests.
  2. Reserved forests are regarded as the most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources are concerned.
  3. Almost one-third of the total forest area is protected forest, as declared by the Forest Department
  4. Arunachal Pradesh has the largest area under permanent forests, constituting 75 per cent of its total forest area.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1, 2 & 3 only

b) 2, 3 & 4 only

c) All are correct

d) 1, 3 & 4 only

Q7. In ancient India, along with the sophisticated hydraulic structures, there existed an extraordinary tradition of water-harvesting system. Consider the following in this regard:

  1. In hill and mountainous regions, people built diversion channels like the ‘guls’ or ‘kuls’ of the Western Himalayas for agriculture.
  2. In arid and semi-arid regions, agricultural fields were converted into rain fed storage structures that allowed the water to stand and moisten the soil like the ‘khadins’ in Jaisalmer and ‘Johads’ in other parts of Rajasthan.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding Zaid season:

  1. In between the rabi and the kharif seasons, there is a short season during the summer
    months known as the Zaid season.
  2. Some of the crops produced during ‘zaid’ are watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber etc.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding food production in India:

  1. India is the largest producer of rice in the world after China.
  2. India is the largest producer as well as the consumer of pulses in the world.
  3. India is the largest producer of oilseeds in the world.
  4. India is the largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1, 2 & 3 only

b) 2, 3 & 4 only

c) All are correct

d) 1, 3 & 4 only

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding coffee production in India:

  1. India produces about four per cent of the world’s coffee production.
  2. The Arabica variety initially brought from Yemen is produced in the country.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding Bhoodan-Gramdan Movement:

  1. The movement was initiated by Vinobha-bhave – spiritual heir of Mahatama Gandhi.
  2. It is also known as Blood-Less revolution.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding Food Corporation of India:

  1. It is responsible for procuring and stocking foodgrains, whereas distribution is ensured by public distribution system (PDS).
  2. The FCI procures foodgrains from the farmers at the government announced minimum support price (MSP).

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q13. Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large area?

(a) Shifting Agriculture

(b) Plantation Agriculture

(c) Horticulture

(d) Intensive Agriculture

Q14. Consider the following Statements regarding occurrence of minerals in rocks:

  1. In igneous and metamorphic rocks minerals may occur in the cracks, crevices, faults or joints. The smaller occurrences are called veins and the larger are called lodes.
  2. In sedimentary rocks a number of minerals occur in beds or layers.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q15. Consider the following Statements regarding Iron Ore:

  1. Magnetite is the finest iron ore with a very high content of iron up to 70 per cent.
  2. Hematite ore is the most important industrial iron ore in terms of the quantity used, but has a slightly lower iron content than magnetite.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q16. Consider the following Statements regarding Copper production in India:

  1. India is very rich in the reserve and production of copper.
  2. The Balaghat mines in Madhya Pradesh produce 52 per cent of India’s copper.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q17. Consider the following Statements regarding minerals in Odisha:

  1. Orissa is the largest producer of manganese ores in India.
  2. Orissa is the largest bauxite producing state in India.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q18. Consider the following Statements regarding Coal:

  1. Metallurgical coal is high grade bituminous coal which has a special value for smelting iron in blast furnaces.
  2. Anthracite is the highest quality hard coal.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q19. Consider the following Statements regarding Coal in India:

  1. In India coal occurs in rock series of two main geological ages, namely Gondwana and tertiary.
  2. The principal lignite reserves are in Neyveli in Tamil Nadu

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q20. Which one of the following minerals is formed by decomposition of rocks,
leaving a residual mass of weathered material?

(a) coal

(b) bauxite

(c) gold

(d) zinc

Q21.Koderma, in Jharkhand is the leading producer of which one of the following
minerals?

(a) bauxite

(b) mica

(c) iron ore

(d) copper

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