MCQs Modern History NCERT Class 8

MCQs Modern History NCERT Class 8

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS ON MODERN HISTORY

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

NCERT Books are the backbone of UPSC preparation. Here, we present a set of MCQs based on Key NCERT Books to enable you to revise and test your knowledge of NCERT Books.

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding East India Company:

  1. In 1600, the East India Company acquired a charter from the ruler of England, Queen Elizabeth I, granting it the sole right to trade with the East.
  2. The first English factory was set up on the banks of the river Hugli in 1651.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q2. Which european powers managed their way to India:

  1. Portuguese
  2. British
  3. Dutch
  4. French

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1,2 & 3 only

b) 2,3 & 4 only

c) All are correct

d) 1,2 & 4 only

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Battle of Plassey:

  1. It was fought in 1757 between Company’s Army and Sirajudaulah’s Forces.
  2. Mir Jafar, one of Sirajuddaulah’s commanders conspired with company and did not fight the battle leading to defeat of Sirajuddaulah’s forces.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding Battle of Buxar:

  1. It was fought in 1774 and led to defeat of Mir Qasim by Company’s Forces.
  2. Mir Jafar was reinstalled as nawab of bengal after the battle.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding Anglo Mysore wars:

  1. There were four anglo mysore wars fought between 1767-1799.
  2. In the last war – Battle of Seringapatam, Tipu Sultan defeated Company Forces.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding Anglo-Maratha wars:

  1. There were 4 wars fought between British & Maratha Forces.
  2. In the third war, Maratha power was crushed and Peshwa was sent to kanpur on pension.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q7. Consider the following Statements:

PolicyBritish Official
1. Subsidiary AllianceLord Wellesly
2. ParamountcyLord Hastings
3. Doctrine of LapseLord Dalhousie

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding administrative changes under Lord Hastings:

  1. From 1772, Each district was to have two courts – a criminal court (faujdari adalat ) and a civil court (diwani adalat ).
  2. Maulvis and Hindu pandits interpreted Indian laws for the European district collectors who presided over civil courts.
  3. Under the Regulating Act of 1773, a new Supreme Court was established, while a court of appeal – the Sadar Nizamat Adalat – was also set up at Calcutta.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding Permanent Settlement System:

  1. Zamindars were asked to collect rent from the peasants and pay fixed amount of revenue to the Company.
  2. Lord Cornwallis was the Governor- General of India when the Permanent Settlement was introduced.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding mahalwari settlement:

  1. Under the system, village (mahal) was unit of revenue collection.
  2. The charge of collecting the revenue and paying it to the Company was given to the village headman, rather than the zamindar.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding ryotwari system:

  1. It was introduced in the southern India after failure of Permanent Settlement System.
  2. Under this system, Revenue settlement was to be made directly with the cultivators (ryots) who had tilled the land for generations.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding two main systems of indigo cultivation – nij
and ryoti:

  1. Within the system of ryoti cultivation, the planter produced indigo in lands that he directly controlled.
  2. Under the nij system, the planters forced the cultivators to sign a contract to produce indigo.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q13. Which Mughal Emperor appointed the East India Company as the Diwan of Bengal in 1765?

Identify the correct statements:

a) Auranzeb

b) Shah Alam II

c) Bahadur Shah Zafar

d) Akbar II

Q14. Britishers wanted tribal groups to settle down and become peasant cultivators as:

  1. Settled peasants were easier to control and administer than people who were always on the move.
  2. British also wanted a regular revenue source for the state.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q15. Mangal Pandey was hanged to death for attacking his soldiers in _________

a) Barrackpore

b) Bhopal

c) Meerut

d) Lucknow

Q16. Consider the following Statements:

RegionPopular Leader in revolt of 1857
1LucknowBegum Hazrat Mahal
2JhansiTantia Tope
3BiharKunwar Singh

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q17. Consider the following Statements regarding British Policy after war of 1857:

  1. powers of the East India Company was transferred to the British Crown.
  2. Governor-General of India was given the title of Viceroy.
  3. Ruling chiefs were allowed to pass on their kingdoms to their heirs, including adopted sons.
  4. less soldiers were to be recruited from among the Gurkhas, Sikhs and Pathans.
  5. Policies were made to protect landlords and zamindars and give them security of rights over their lands.

Identify the correct statements:

a) All except 3

b) All except 2

c) All are correct

d) All except 4

Q18. Consider the following Statements regarding position of Delhi in British India:

  1. In 1803, the British gained control of Delhi after defeating the Marathas.
  2. Delhi became the capital of British India only in 1911.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q19. Consider the following Statements regarding three delhi durbars:

  1. In 1877, Viceroy Lytton organised a Durbar to acknowledge Queen Victoria as the Empress of India.
  2. The second Durbar was organised by Lord Curzon in 1903 to celebrate the Coronation of King Edward VII .
  3. In 1911, when King George V was crowned in England, a Durbar was held by Lord Hardinge in Delhi to celebrate the occasion.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 &3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q20. Which architect(s) were called on to design New Delhi and its buildings:

a) Edward Lutyens

b) Herbert Baker

c) Both

d) None

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