MCQs Based on Geography NCERT Class 9

MCQs Based on Geography NCERT Class 9

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

NCERT Books are the backbone of UPSC preparation. Here, we present a set of MCQs based on Key NCERT Books to enable you to revise and test your knowledge of NCERT Books.

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding geographical extent of India

  1. Lying entirely in the Northern hemisphere the main land extends between latitudes 8°4’N and
    37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E.
  2. The Tropic of Capricorn (23° 30’N) divides the country into almost two equal parts.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding land mass of India:

  1. The land mass of India has an area of 3.28 million square km.
  2. India’s total area accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of world.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding

  1. Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh) is taken as the standard time for the whole country.
  2. North sourth extent of India is Lesser than East West Extent.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding Himalayan Mountains:

  1. Their width remains the same in Kashmir & Arunachal Pradesh.
  2. Most of the hill stations are located in Himachal or lesser Himalayas.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding East West divisions of India:

  1. The part of Himalayas lying between Indus and Satluj has been traditionally known as Punjab Himalaya.
  2. The part of the Himalayas lying between Satluj and Kali rivers is known as Kumaon Himalayas.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q6. Consider the following Statements:

  1. All the streams disappear in the bhabar belt.
  2. South of this belt, the streams and rivers re-emerge and create a wet, swampy and marshy region known as terai.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding

  1. The largest part of the northern plain is formed of older alluvium called Bhangar.
  2. The newer, younger deposits and more fertile part of the flood plains are called khadar.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding The Peninsular Plateau:

  1. The part of the Peninsular plateau lying to the north of the Narmada river covering a major area of the Malwa plateau is known as the Central Highlands.
  2. The Central Highlands are wider in the west but narrower in the east.
  3. The eastward extensions of this plateau are locally known as the Bundelkhand and Baghelkhand.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding Deccan Plateau:

  1. The Deccan Plateau is a triangular landmass that lies to the south of the river Narmada.
  2. The Deccan Plateau is higher in the east and slopes gently westwards
  3. An extension of this Plateau is also visible in the northeast– locally known as the Meghalaya, Karbi-Anglong Plateau and North Cachar Hills.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats:

  1. The Eastern Ghats are higher than the Western Ghats.
  2. The Eastern Ghats are discontinuous and irregular
  3. Mahendragiri (1,501 metres) is the highest peak in the Eastern Ghats.
  4. The highest peaks of western ghats is the Anai Mudi (2,695metres).

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1, 2 & 3 only

b) 2, 3 & 4 only

c) All are correct

d) 1, 3 & 4 only

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding Indian Desert:

  1. Luni is the only large river in this region.
  2. Barchans (crescent shaped dunes) cover larger areas in this region.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding Coastal Plains:

  1. Western coastal plains from north to south are divided into Konkan, Kannad & Malabar.
  2. Eastern coastal plains from north to south are divided into Northern Circar & Coromandel Coast.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q13. Consider the following Statements regarding Corals:

  1. Coral polyps flourish in shallow, mud free and warm waters.
  2. They secrete calcium carbonate and form structures called Reefs.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q14. Consider the following Statements regarding Andaman & Nicobar Islands:

  1. It is believed that these islands are an elevated portion of submarine mountains.
  2. These islands lie close to equator and experience equatorial climate and has thick forest cover.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q15. Consider the following Statements regarding Rivers of India:

  1. Most of the Himalayan rivers are seasonal.
  2. The Peninsular rivers have shorter and shallower courses as compared to their
    Himalayan counterparts.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q16. Consider the following Statements regarding Indus River System:

  1. It enters India in the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir.
  2. Zaskar, the Nubra, the Shyok and the Hunza are tributaries of Indus.
  3. The Satluj, the Beas, the Ravi, the Chenab and the Jhelum join together to enter the Indus near
    Mithankot in Pakistan.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q17. Consider the following Statements regarding The Brahmaputra River System:

  1. On reaching the Namcha Barwa (7757 m), it takes a ‘U’ turn and enters India in Nagaland.
  2. On entering India, it is called the Dihang and it is joined by the Dibang, the Lohit to form Brahmputra in Assam.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q18. Consider the following Statements regarding The Godavari Basin:

  1. The Godavari is the largest Peninsular river and also called Dakshin Ganga.
  2. The Tungabhadra, the Koyana, the Ghatprabha, the Musi and the Bhima are tributaries of river Godavri.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q19. Consider the following Statements regarding the climate of India:

  1. The climate of India is described as the ‘monsoon’ type.
  2. The monsoon arrives at the southern tip of the Indian peninsula generally by the first week of June.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q20. Consider the following Statements regarding Weather & Climate:

  1. Climate refers to the sum total of weather conditions and variations over a large area for
    a long period of time (more than thirty years).
  2. Weather refers to the state of the atmosphere over an area at any point of time.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q21. Consider the following Statements regarding jet stream:

  1. In India, they are located approximately over 27°-30° north latitude, therefore, they are known as subtropical westerly jet streams.
  2. The western cyclonic disturbances experienced in the north and north-western parts of the country are brought in by them.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q22. Consider the following Statements regarding El Nino:

  1. This is a name given to the periodic development of a warm ocean current along the coast of Peru as a temporary replacement of the cold Peruvian current.
  2. The presence of the El Nino leads to an increase in sea-surface temperatures and weakening of the trade winds in the region.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q23. Consider the following Statements regarding Indian Monsoon:

  1. The Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal branches of the monsoon merge over the northwestern part of the Ganga plains.
  2. Rainfall in the Ganga valley increases from the east to the west.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q24. What is Mahawat in relation to Indian Climate:

a) winter rainfall is locally known as ‘mahawat’

b) local name of El-Nino

c) Name given to heavy showers during rainy season

d) More rainfall in Desert Region

Q25. Consider the following Statements regarding local winds/storms of India:

  1. In West Bengal, these storms are known as the ‘Kaal Baisakhi’.
  2. Loo is strong, gusty, hot, dry winds blowing during the day over the north and northwestern India during summers.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q26. Consider the following Statements regarding Tropical Evergreen Forests:

  1. These forests are restricted to heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar,
  2. Some of the commercially important trees of this forest are ebony, mahogany, rosewood, rubber and cinchona.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q27. Consider the following Statements regarding Wild Life of India:

  1. India is the only country in the world that has both tigers and lions.
  2. The Himalayas harbour a hardy range of animals like Tibetan antelope, bharal (blue sheep), wild sheep, kiang (Tibetan wild ass),snow-leopard and very rare red panda  which survive in extreme cold.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q28. Consider the following Statements regarding Literacy in India:

  1. According to the Census of 2001, a person aged 7 years. and above who can read and write with understanding in any language, is treated as literate
  2. Literacy rate in India of Males is higher than females.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q29. Consider the following Statements regarding Tropical Deciduous Forests:

  1. These are the most widespread forests of India.
  2. They are also called the monsoon forests and spread over the region receiving rainfall
    between 200 cm and 70 cm.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q30. Consider the following Statements regarding Mangrove Forests:

  1. The mangrove tidal forests are found in the areas of coasts influenced by tides.
  2. The deltas of the Ganga, the Mahanadi, the Krishana, the Godavari and the Kaveri are
    covered by such vegetation.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

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