MCQs Based on Geography NCERT Class 8

MCQs Based on Geography NCERT Class 8

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

NCERT Books are the backbone of UPSC preparation. Here, we present a set of MCQs based on Key NCERT Books to enable you to revise and test your knowledge of NCERT Books.

Geography Class 8 NCERT Questions:

To check solutions alongwith explanation. Click here.

Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding Resources:

  1. Utility or usability is what makes an object or substance a resource.
  2. Based on their development and use, resources can be abiotic or biotic.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q2. Balancing the need to use resources and also conserve them for the future is called _________.

a) Sustainable Development

b) Resource Efficiency

c) Future Planning

d) Under Development

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Landslides:

  1. Landslides are simply defined as the mass movement of rock, debris or earth down a slope.
  2. They often take place in conjunction with earthquakes, floods and volcanoes.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q4. Which of the following are factors in soil formation?

  1. Parent Rock
  2. Relief
  3. Flora, Fauna and Micro-organism
  4. Climate
  5. Time

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1,2,3 & 4 only

b) 2,3 & 4 only

c) All are correct

d) 1,2 & 5 only

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding

Method of soil conservationKey Features
1Mulchingcovering bare ground between plants with organic matter
2Contour barriersStones, grass, soil are used to build
barriers
3Intercroppingrows of trees are planted
4Contour ploughingPloughing parallel to the contours of a hill slope

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 3 only

b) 1,2 & 4 only

c) All are correct

d) 1,3 & 4 only

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding FRESH WATER:

  1. Fresh water accounts for about 27 per cent of total water.
  2. Only 1 per cent of freshwater is available and fit for human use.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding types of forests:

  1. Evergreen forests do not shed their leaves simultaneously in any season of the year.
  2. Deciduous forests shed their leaves in a particular season to conserve loss of moisture through condensation.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q8. _____ are Series of protected areas linked through a global network, intended to demonstrate the relationship between conservation and development.

Identify the correct statements:

a) Biosphere Reserves

b) National Parks

c) Wildlife Sanctuaries

d) Zoos

Q9. An international convention ______ has been established that lists several species of animals and birds in which trade is prohibited.

a) CITES

b) Agenda 21

c) UNEP

d) Nagoya Protocol

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding mineral:

  1. A naturally occurring substance that has a definite chemical composition is a mineral.
  2. Limestone, mica and gypsum are examples of metallic minerals.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding extraction of minerals:

  1. Minerals that lie at shallow depths are taken out by removing the surface layer; this is known as shaft mining.
  2. Deep bores, called shafts, have to be made to reach mineral deposits that lie at great depths. This is called open cast mining.

Identify the correct statements

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding distribution of minerals in world:

  1. Asia produces more than half of the world’s tin.
  2. Australia is the largest producer of bauxite in the world.
  3. Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie areas of western Australia have the largest deposits of gold.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q13. Kolar mine in Karnataka is famous for deposits of _________.

a) Gold

b) Diamond

c) Bauxite

d) Sapphire

Q14. Consider the following Statements:

Assertion (A): Coal is also referred to as Buried Sunshine.

Reason (R): Coal was formed millions of years ago when giant ferns and swamps got buried under
the layers of earth.

Identify the correct statements:

a) Both A & R are true and R is the correct explanation

b) Both A & R are true but R is not the correct explanation

c) A is true R is false

d) A is false R is true

Q15. Identify the mineral from following statements:

  1. It is found between the layers of rocks and is drilled from oil fields located in off-shore and coastal areas.
  2. The leading producers in India are Digboi in Assam, Bombay High in Mumbai and the deltas of Krishna and Godavari rivers.

Identify the correct statements:

a) Petroleum

b) Mica

c) Coal

d) Iron

Q16. Consider the following Statements regarding Natural Gas:

  1. Natural gas is found with petroleum deposits and is released when crude oil is brought to the surface.
  2. In India Jaisalmer, Krishna Godavari delta, Tripura and some areas off shore in Mumbai have natural gas resources.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q17. Monazite sands in Kerala are famous for rich deposits of :

a) Uranium

b) Thorium

c) Plutonium

d) Radium

Q18. Consider the following Statements regarding Location of Geothermal plants in India:

  1. Manikaran plant is located in Himachal Pradesh.
  2. Puga Valley plant is located in Uttarakhand.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q19. Consider the following Statements regarding BIOGAS:

  1. It is essentially a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide.
  2. Organic waste such as dead plant and animal material, animal dung and kitchen waste can be converted into a gaseous fuel called biogas.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q20. Consider the following Statements regarding Economic Activities:

  1. Primary activities include all those connected with extraction and production of natural resources.
  2. Secondary activities are concerned with the processing of Primary resources.
  3. Tertiary activities provide support to the primary and secondary sectors through services.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q21. Consider the following Statements regarding Agriculture in India and World:

  1. In the world, 50 per cent of persons are engaged in agricultural activity.
  2. Two-thirds of India’s population is still dependent on agriculture.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q22. Consider the following Statements:

1Sericulturerearing of silk worms
2Pisciculture cultivation of grapes
3Viticulture Breeding of Fish
4Horticulturegrowing fruits, flowers & vegetables

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 4 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d)1,3 & 4 only

Q23. Consider the following Statements:

Name of shifting cultivationRegion
1JhummingNorth East India
2MilpaMexico
3RocaBrazil
4LadangMalaysia

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 4 only

Q24. Which of following factor influences location of Industries:

  1. Land
  2. Labour
  3. Power
  4. Capital
  5. Market
  6. Transport
  7. Raw Material

Identify the correct statements:

a) All except 6

b) All except 4

c) All are correct

d) All except 4 & 6

Q25. Consider the following Statements regarding Industrial regions of the world:

  1. Major industrial regions of the world are eastern North America, western and central Europe,
    eastern Europe and eastern Asia
  2. Major industrial regions tend to be located in the temperate areas, near sea ports and especially near coal fields.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

To check solutions alongwith explanation. Click here.

 

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