MCQs Based on Geography NCERT Class 7

MCQs Based on Geography NCERT Class 7

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

NCERT Books are the backbone of UPSC preparation. Here, we present a set of MCQs based on Key NCERT Books to enable you to revise and test your knowledge of NCERT Books.

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding types of igneous rocks:

  1. Intrusive igneous rocks have small crystals.
  2. Extrusive igneous rocks have large crystals.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding INTERIOR OF THE EARTH:

  1. The main mineral constituents of the continental mass are silica and alumina.
  2. The oceanic crust mainly consists of silica and magnesium.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding weathering and erosion:

  1. Weathering is the breaking up of the rocks on the earth’s surface.
  2. Erosion is the wearing away of the landscape by different agents like water, wind and ice.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding river landforms:

  1. As the river flows, it deposits layers of fine soil and other material called sediments along its banks leading to formation of fertile floodplains.
  2. The raised banks along floodplains are called levees.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding coastal landforms:

  1. As sea caves become bigger and bigger only the roof of the caves remain, thus forming sea arches.
  2. Further, erosion breaks the roof and only walls like stacks are left.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q6. The material carried by the glacier such as rocks big and small, sand and silt gets deposited. These deposits form _______________ .

a) glacial moraines

b) avalanches

c) sand dunes

d) ridges

Q7. One of the common type of rocks in desert is Mushroom Rock. Consider the following statements w.r.t it:

Assertion: Mushroom rocks have narrower base and wider top.

Reason: Winds erode the lower section of the rock more than the upper part.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding loess:

  1. Loess are common in deserts.
  2. They are formed when very fine and light grains of sand are carried over long distances and deposited in large areas.
  3. Large deposits of Loess are found in China.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding STRUCTURE OF THE ATMOSPHERE:

Almost all the weather phenomena like rainfall, fog and hailstorm occur in troposphere.

  1. Statosphere is ideal layer of flying of aeroplanes.
  2. Meteorites burn up on entering mesosphere from space.
  3. Thermosphere helps in radio communication.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q10. Which of following is largest source of fresh water:

a) Ice-caps

b) Ground water

c) Freshwater Lakes

d) Rivers

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding tides:

  1. During the full moon and new moon days, the sun, the moon and the earth are in the same line and the tides are highest. These tides are called spring tides.
  2. But when the moon is in its first and last quarter, the ocean waters get drawn in diagonally opposite directions by the gravitational pull of sun and earth resulting in low tides. These tides are called neap tides

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding Tundra type of vegetation:

  1. This vegetation is found in the polar areas of Europe, Asia and North America.
  2. It includes mosses, lichens and very small shrubs.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q13.The amazon river basin drains which of the following countries:

  1. Brazil
  2. Peru
  3. Ecuador
  4. Colombia
  5. Venezuela

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1,2,3&4 only

b) 2,3&4 only

c) All are correct

d) 1,3,4 & 5 only

Q14. Consider the following Statements regarding PRAIRIES:

  1. The temperate grasslands of North America are known as the Prairies.
  2. For the most part, prairies are treeless.
  3. The Prairies are also known as the “Granaries of the world,”

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q15. Consider the following Statements regarding THE VELDS:

  1. The temperate grasslands of South Africa are called the velds.
  2. The velds are poor in minerals.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q16. Consider the following Statements regarding HOT DESERT SAHARA:

  1. The Sahara desert touches eleven countries.
  2. Tunisia is one of the countries under Sahara Desert.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q17.Which rocks change into metamorphic rocks under great heat and pressure?

a) Igneous

b) Sedimentary

c) Both

d) None

Q18. Ecosystem includes

  1. relation between different living organisms
  2. relation between the organisms and their surroundings

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q19. Consider the following Statements regarding earth movements:

  1. The forces which act in the interior of the earth are called as Exogenic forces
  2. The forces that work on the surface of the earth are called as Endogenic forces

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q20. Consider the following Statements regarding areas where cold and warm currents meet:

  1. They provide best fishing grounds of the world.
  2. They experience calm & clear weather conditions.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

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