MCQs based on Environment & Ecology 2017

MCQs based on Environment & Ecology 2017

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

Environment & Ecology has off lately emerged as one of the favorite areas of examiners in all competitve examinations. Candidate is believed to be aware of all the recent happenings relating to Environmental Issues be it Global warming, updation of IUCN red list or discovery of new species of flora and fauna.

To check Solutions. Click Here

Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding Barren Island:

  1. It is one of India’s active volcano alongwith Narcondam island.
  2. Barren Island is an island located in the Andaman Sea.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding Chilika lake:

  1. It is a brackish water lagoon of the Andhra Pradesh state
  2. It is largest coastal lagoon in India and largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent.
  3. It became first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
  4. Apart from raptors, it is also home to rare and endangered Irrawaddy dolphins.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1,2 & 3 only

b) 2, 3 & 4 only

c) All are correct

d) 2 & 4 only

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Liquefied natural gas (LNG):

  1. It is natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4) that has been converted to liquid form for ease of storage or transport.
  2. It is odourless, colourless, toxic and non-corrosive.
  3. It achieves a higher reduction in volume than compressed natural gas (CNG).

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q4. The world’s first Genetic Garden of Halophytes was inaugurated at the coastal town of Vedaranyam in Tamil Nadu. Consider the following Statements regarding the Halophytes:

  1. Halophytes are salt-tolerant or salt-resistant plants.
  2. They constitute 2% of all plant species.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding Loktak Lake:

  1. It is famous for the floating vegetation phumdis & Keibul Lamjao National Park, home of endangered Sangai Deer is also one of Phumdis in the lake.
  2. It was designated as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
  3. It is not listed under the Montreux Record.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 only

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ):

  1. It is the zone along the coastal stretches of seas, bays, estuaries, creeks, rivers and backwaters along the coastline specially demarcated for regulated development activity.
  2. The coastal land up to 500m from the High Tide Line (HTL) and a stage of 100m along banks of creeks, estuaries, backwater and rivers subject to tidal fluctuations, is called the Coastal Regulation Zone(CRZ).
  3. Coastal Regulation Zone(CRZ) regulations are issued under Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act.
  4. It is mandatory for getting clearances from ministry and local authorities to start any development project in CRZ.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1,2 & 3 only

b) 1 & 4 only

c) All are correct

d) 1,2 & 4 only

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding Coal Bed Methane (CBM)

  1. It is called ‘sweet gas’ because of its lack of hydrogen sulphide.
  2. It is environmentally safe and clean fuel

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q8. Uttarakhand High Court has recognized the Ganga and Yamuna Rivers as living entities. Consider the following Statements regarding the same:

  1. It is for the first time any court in India has recognized a non-human as a living entity.
  2. Recognizing these rivers as a living entity, grants them new legal identity and all rights laid out in the Constitution of India.
  3. In India, animals are considered living entities by law.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding Paris Agreement on climate change:

  1. It forces developed countries to provide 100 billion dollars annually to the developing countries beginning in 2020 to deal with climate change.
  2. Like the Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement is legally-binding and it  assigns any emission cut targets on any country.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) under Paris Climate Agreement:

  1. To reduce GHGs emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35 per cent compared to 2005 levels by 2030.
  2. About 40 per cent of country’s electricity requirement will be met through non-fossil fuel sources.
  3. Increase tree cover across the country to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 3 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding Kigali Agreement:

  1. It amends the 1987 Montreal Protocol and aims to phase out Hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs).
  2. The Kigali Agreement will be binding on countries from 2019.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding Bombay Natural History Society (BHNS):

  1. It is is one of the largest non-governmental organisations in India engaged in conservation and
    biodiversity research.
  2. It has been designated as a ‘Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation’ by the
    Department of Science and Technology.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q13. Consider the following Statements regarding Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB):

  1. It is a statutory body under Ministry of Environment & Forests.
  2. It collects and collates intelligence related to organized wildlife crime activities.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q14. Consider the following Statements regarding National Green Tribunal (NGT):

  1. It is a statutory body established to assure the right to a healthy environment to the citizens of India as enshrined in Article 21 of Constitution.
  2. The Tribunal shall be bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.
  3. The Tribunal is mandated to make and endeavour for disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of filing of the same.
  4. The powers of tribunal related to an award are equivalent to civil court.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1,2 & 3 only

b) 1 & 4 only

c) All are correct

d) 1,3 & 4 only.

Q15. Consider the following Statements regarding Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR):

  1. It was established by an international convention in 1982 with the objective of conserving Antarctic marine life.
  2. India has ratified the convention.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q16. Consider the following table:

OrganisationMinistry
1India Meteorological Department (IMD)Ministry of Science & Technology
2Central Water Commission (CWC)Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
3National Tiger Conservation Authority (NCTA)Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change.
4Wildlife Institute of India (WII)Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1,2 & 3 only

b) 2,3 & 4 only

c) All are correct

d) 1,3 & 4 only

Q17. Consider the following Statements regarding Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI):

  1. It is a statutory advisory body to the Government under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  2. Well-known humanitarian Smt. Rukmini Devi Arundale was instrumental in setting up the board and was its first chair.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q18. Consider the following Statements regarding Forest Fires in India:

  1. The three central States Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha contribute a third of the forest fires.
  2. Losses due to fires include loss of soil fertility, soil erosion, drying up of water resources, and loss of bio-diversity.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q19. Consider the following Statements regarding Coral reefs:

  1. Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
  2. Often called “rainforests of the sea”, coral reefs form some of the most diverse ecosystems on Earth.
  3. They grow best in warm and shallow sediment free waters with minimum temperature of 20 degree in areas of relatively low salinity.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only.

Q20. Consider the following Statements regarding Persistent Organic Pollutants:

  1. They are chemicals that remain intact in the environment for long periods and have harmful impacts on human health or on the environment.
  2. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants aims to eliminate or restrict their use.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q21. Consider the following Statements regarding BirdLife International:

  1. It is the official Red List authority for birds, for the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
  2. It is the world’s largest partnership of conservation organisations to conserve birds, their habitats and global biodiversity.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q22. Consider the following Statements regarding International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN):

  1. IUCN was established in 1948 and is headquartered in Gland, Switzerland.
  2. IUCN is the only international observer organization in the UN General Assembly with expertise in issues concerning the environment.
  3. It produces the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 3 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 3 only

Q23. Consider the following Statements regarding Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES):

  1. It is administered through United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  2. CITES is legally binding on state parties to the convention & takes place of national laws.
  3. It classifies plants and animals according to three  or appendices. While trade in Appendix 1 species is prohibited, species in appendix 3  may be permitted in some cases.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q24. Consider the following Statements regarding International Solar Alliance (ISA):

  1. It is an alliance of more than 120 countries, most of them being sunshine countries, which come either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
  2. The secretariat of the ISA is to be located in India.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q25. Consider the following Statements regarding Ross Sea:

  1. Ross Sea in Antarctica is one of the last intact marine ecosystems in the world.
  2. In a deal by by the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), it was declared as world’s largest Marine Protected Area (MPA).

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q26. Consider the following Statements regarding Living Planet Report:

  1. The Living Planet Report is an annual report of the World Wide Fund for Nature.
  2. According to recently released study, global wildlife populations have fallen by 58% since 1970 and if the trend continues then two-thirds of wild animals may go extinct by 2020.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q27. Consider the following Statements regarding Earth Hour:

  1. Earth Hour is an annual international event organised by the World Wide Fund for
    Nature (WWF).
  2. It is held annually in end of March to raise awareness for sustainable energy use.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q28. Consider the following Statements regarding Endosulfan:

  1. Endosulfan is the most toxic pesticide used on crops like cotton, fruits, tea, paddy, cashew, tobacco etc. for control of pests.
  2. A global ban on the manufacture and use of endosulfan was negotiated under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants in April 2011.
  3. In India, Supreme Court in 2011 banned the use, sale, production & export of endosulfan.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 3 only

b) 2 & 3  only

c) All are correct

d) 1 only

Q29. Consider the following Statements regarding Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs):

  1. They are commonly used in air conditioning and as refrigerants.
  2. HFCs by replacing CFCs have helped ozone layer but exacerbated global warming.
  3. Kigali amendment of Montreal Protocol deals with phasing out of HFCs.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q30. Consider the following Statements regarding Arsenic:

  1. Arsenic is a natural component in the earth’s crust.
  2. It is highly toxic in its inorganic form and Long-term exposure to arsenic from drinking-water and food can lead to chronic arsenic poisoning.
  3. Arsenic Poisoning is a high-profile problem in the Ganges Delta, due to the use of deep tube-wells for water supply.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 3 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 only

Q31. Consider the following Statements regarding National Air Quality Index (AQI):

  1. It is published for every month by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) along with a numerical value and a colour code.
  2. It is determined on the basis of concentration of 8 pollutants.
  3. Carbon Dioxide is one of the Pollutant in measuring AQI.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 3 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 2 only.

Q32. Consider the following Statements regarding Zingiber:

  1. Scientists of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have found a new species of Zingiber from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  2. The species Zingiber pseudosquarrosum was already used by the local Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) of the Andaman’s for its medicinal values.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q33. Consider the following Statements regarding Irrawaddy Dolphins:

  1. Irrawaddy dolphins are found in coastal areas in South and Southeast Asia.
  2. IUNC has classified it as Vulnerable in Red Data list.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q34. Consider the following:

Name of SpeciesRegion FoundIUCN Status
1Kashmiri Red Stag (Hangul)Kashmir Valley and Himachal Pradesh.To be declared as critically endangered
2Bornean orangutanisland of BorneoEndangered
3Gangetic River dolphin (Susu)deep freshwaters of India, Bangladesh, Nepal & PakistanEndangered
4Fishing CatSouth and Southeast
Asia.
Vulnerable
5Smooth-Coated OtterIndian Subcontinent and Southeast AsiaVulnerable

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1,2 & 3 only

b) 2 & 5 only

c) All are correct

d) 1,3 & 5 only

Q35. Consider the following Statements regarding Pika:

  1. It is a mammal belonging to the rabbit and hare family.
  2. They live in the mountains or in temperate regions.
  3. They do not hibernate unlike other mammalian species.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 only

Q36. Consider the following Statements regarding Olive Ridley Sea Turtle:

  1. They are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada.
  2. They are recognized as Vulnerable by the IUCN Red list & their trade banned under CITES
    Appendix I.
  3. They are herbivores.
  4. In India, it is protected under the Wildlife (Protection) Act.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1,2 & 4 only

b) 1, 2 & 3only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 2 only

Q37. Consider the following Statements regarding conservation measures for Gangetic River dolphin (Susu):

  1. IUCN has listed it as ‘endangered‘.
  2. It is placed in Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  3. It is included in the Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 3 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q38. Consider the following Statements regarding Gangetic River dolphin (Susu):

  1. Guwahati in Assam became the first city in the country to declare Gangetic River dolphin as the city animal.
  2. Ganges River dolphin is also called as the ‘Tigers of Ganga’ and has been officially declared as National Aquatic Animal of India.
  3. They are found in deep saline waters of India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 3 only

Q39. Consider the following Statements regarding Kendrapara sheep (kuji mendha):

  1. The National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) has conferred it rare and singular species genetic recognition tag.
  2. Kuji Mendha sheep are fast breeders giving multiple births and primarily used for production of mutton.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q40. Which agency in India has coordinated with Interpol on Operation Thunder Bird to end poaching of India’s wildlife animals.

a) Wildlife Crime Control Bureau

b) National Tiger Conservation Authority

c) Forest Research Institute

d) Wildlife Institute of India

Q41. Operation Save Kurma launched by Wildlife Crime Control Bureau focusses on conservation of:

a) Dolphins

b) Turtles

c) Neelgai

d) One Horned Rhinoceros

Q42. Consider the following Statements regarding India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO):

  1. It is a particle physics research project to study neutrinos under Bodi West Hills in the Theni district of Tamil Nadu.
  2. It is jointly supported by Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and Department of Science & Technology (DST), with DAE acting as the nodal agency.
  3. The operation of INO will involve release of radioactive or toxic substances.
  4. It is not a weapons laboratory and will have no strategic or defence applications.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1,2 & 4 only

b) 1, 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) 1 & 4 only

Q43. Consider the following Statements regarding Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016:

  1. The scope of rules have been extended even beyond municipal areas.
  2. Generators are responsible to segregate waste into three categories – Wet, Dry and Hazardous Waste.
  3. All Resident Welfare and market Associations, Gated communities and institution with an area >5,000 sq. m should segregate waste at source.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q44. Assam government has launched “Sustainable Action for Climate Resilient Development” (SaCReD) to make which district as country’s first carbon neutral district by 2020.

a) Majuli

b) Guwahati

c) Tinsukia

d) Dispur

Q45. Consider the following Statements regarding Fly Ash:

  1. Fly ash is one of the coal combustion products.
  2. Fly Ash Utilization policy seeks 100% use of fly ash generated from thermal power plants and biogas plants for construction activities.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q46. Consider the following Statements regarding Second Generation Ethanol:

  1. The second generation biofuels are made from lignocellulosic biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste, which makes it harder to extract the required fuel.
  2. India’s first second generation ethanol refinery is located at village Tarkhanwala, Bathinda (Punjab).

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q47. Consider the following Statements regarding Ethanol Blending:

  1. It is the practice of blending petrol with ethanol in order to reduce vehicle exhaust emissions especially carbon monoxide emissions.
  2. Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme was launched by the Union Government in 2003 to reduce import dependency for energy requirements and as a environment friendly measure to reduce vehicular pollution.
  3. Under the program, OMCs sell ethanol blended petrol with percentage of ethanol upto 10%.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 3 only

b) 2 & 3only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q48. Consider the following Statements regarding National Council for River Ganga:

  1. Under River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities Order, 2016, it will replace National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA).
  2. It will be Chaired by Chief Minister of each of 5 riparian states alternately in alphabetical order.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

Q49. Which tiger reserve will be submerged partly due to Ken-Betwa river interlinking project?

a) Kanha Tiger Reserve

b) Panna Tiger Reserve

c) Pench Tiger Reserve

d) Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve

Q50. Consider the following Statements regarding Namami Gange Programme (NGP):

  1. It was launched by Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation.
  2. The program would be implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) and its state counterpart organizations.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) All are correct

d) None

To check Solutions. Click Here

To check more questions – visit our MCQ section or Click Here

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Optionally add an image (JPEG only)