MCQs on Art & Culture – Modern Indian Architecture

MCQs on Art & Culture – Modern Indian Architecture

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding colonial architecture of India:

  1. The Portuguese at Goa established impressive churches in the style of Victorian architecture.
  2. Among the edifices of the Victorian era, the churches of Kolkata and Chennai, the cathedrals at Simla and Lahore, the Lahore High Court and the Calcutta High Court are noteworthy.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding Indo-Saracenic style of architecture:

  1. The Indo-Saracenic Revival was an architectural style movement by British architects in the late 19th century in British India.
  2. It was based solely on the elements from the indigenous and Indo-Islamic architecture leaving behind the British Victorian styles.
  3. Structures of this design came to include infrastructures composed of iron, steel and poured concrete.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India:

  1. The Victoria Terminus Station (now known as the Chhatrapati Shivaji station), in Mumbai, is an
    outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes
    deriving from Indian traditional architecture.
  2. Victorian style possessed unique vitality of its own which even surpassed the Indo-islamic architecture of earlier times.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q4. Which British architect was choosen as lead architect for designing of New Delhi?

a) Edwin Lutyens
b) Laurie Baker
c) Charles Correa
d) Le-Corbuiser

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding architectural developments by British in Delhi:

  1. The British architects set themselves to study the Buddhist, Hindu and Islamic features while redrawing their plan for Delhi.
  2. A great demerit of that unique experiment to synthesise the different styles of Indian architecture within a broader European fabric was that simplicity, modernity and utility were considerably compromised for the purpose of so- called beauty and structural majesty.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding development of modern style of architecture in India in light of contributions of German Architect, Karl Heinz:

  1. Karl Heinz, a German architect, was commissioned for designing Indian educational institutes with instructions that he should stay clear of elements of British or Mughal architecture, in keeping with the anti- imperialistic stand that the founders of Jamia stood for.
  2. The buildings thus developed cannot be categorised into any particular school of
    architecture; it can be called ‘modern style of architecture’ as it resembles today’s buildings,
    that is, usually something that stems from the architect’s imagination.
  3. Heinz used local, materials like red sandstone and lime which were easy to source.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding difference between Iberian (Portuguese) and Gothic (British) style:

  1. While iberian style employed bricks as material, the gothic style employed red sandstone & coarse limestone.
  2. Plaster carvings which were a distinguished feature in Iberian style, were absent in Gothic style.
  3. While gothic style involved creation of new shapes and structures, no new structures were created in Portuguese iberian style.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding

ArchitectsContribution towards modern Indian architecture
1Laurie Bakerrevolutionized mass housing in Kerala
2Karl HeinzJamia Milia Islamia, Delhi
3Le-CorbusierNew Delhi
4Charles CorreaChief Architect for New Bombay (Navi Mumbai)

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1, 2 & 4 only
b) 2, 3 & 4 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q9. Which famous architect is called as architect of poor and conscience keeper of India.

a) Laurie Baker
b) Karl Heinz
c) Le Corbusier
d) Charles Correa

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding Colonial Architecture:

  1. Portuguese and French architectural influence can be seen on Churches built by them in Goa & Portuguese respectively.
  2. Victorian style, being imitative rather than original, did not have a vitality of its own as possessed by Indo-islamic architecture of earlier times.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

SolutionsL

QuesSolExplanation
1bThe Portuguese at Goa established impressive churches in the style of Iberian architecture. Victorian architecture generally relates to British style.
2dIndo-Saracenic Revival (also known as Indo-Gothic, Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, or Hindu- Gothic). It drew elements from the indigenous and Indo-Islamic architecture and combined it with the Gothic revival and Neo-Classical styles favoured in Victorian England. Structures of this design, particularly those built in India and England, were built in conformance to advanced British structural engineering standards of the 1800s, which came to include infrastructures composed of iron, steel and poured concrete.
3aVictorian style, being imitative rather than original, did not have a vitality of its own as possessed by Indo-islamic architecture of earlier times.
4a
5cA great opportunity came to the British rulers for the construction of grand buildings in India
when it was decided in 1911 to transfer the capital from Calcutta (now Kolkata) to Delhi.
6c
7c
8a Le-Corbusier – Chandigarh
9aLaurie Baker was called as the architect of the poor and the conscience keeper of India. He merged the buildings with the environment and utilized locally available materials. While designing he kept the eye on concerns related to ventilation and thermal comfort.
10c

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