MCQs on Art & Culture – Medieval Indian Architecture

MCQs on Art & Culture – Medieval Indian Architecture

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding Indo-Islamic architecture:

  1. The main elements in the Islamic architecture is the introduction of arches and beams, and the arcuate (curved) style of construction.
  2. The Islamic style kept away from traditional Indian style and did not incorporated any of its elements.
  3. The distinguishing features of Indo-Islamic architecture are the utilisation of kiosks (chhatris), tall towers (minars) and half-domed double portals.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding architecture during slave dynasty in India:

  1. The Qutub Minar of Mehrauli was built around 1199 by Qutub-ud-din and finally completed by his son-in-law and successor IItutmish.
  2. The period during Tughlaqs was called as ‘bloom period of architecture’ because focus was on beauty rather than strength.
  3. Sikander Lodhi, besides repairing Qutub Minar, established the city of Agra and made it as his capital.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q3. What was the contribution of mughals to the tomb architecture:

  1. Introduction of gardens in char bagh style
  2. Pietra dura style of inlay decoration.
  3. Double dome system of dome architecture

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding trabeate (pre-indo islamic) method and arcuate method of architecture:

  1. While top in trabeate architecture consisted of shikhara, in arcuate method it was dome shaped.
  2. While trabeate method used brick, lime and mortar, arcuate method involved use of stone.
  3. Unlike trabeate method, Minar was present in arcuate method.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q5. Which of the following was the first garden tomb built in India?

a) Sikander Lodi’s Tomb (New Delhi)
b) Humayun’s Tomb (New Delhi)
c) Tajmahal (Agra)
d) Bibi ka Maqbra (Auranagabad)

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding Fatehpur Sikri:

  1. Monuments in Fatehpur Sikri are made of red sandstone
  2. The city of Fatehpur Sikri was founded as a token of gratitude to Sheikh Salim Chisti who had foretold that Akbar would have three sons who would survive after the sad demise of many children in infancy

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding architectural developments during the time of Akbar:

  1. Construction of a huge fort at Agra.
  2. Buildings at Fatehpur Sikri blended both Islamic and Hindu elements in their architectural style.
  3. Diwan-e-Khas, complex which was designed for private audiences.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q8. Which of following is not located in Fatehpur sikri:

a) Buland Darwaza
b) Panch Mahal
c) Dargah of Saleem Chisti
d) Akbar’s Tomb

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding architectural developments during the time of Shah Jahan:

  1. Substitution of marble for the red sandstone.
  2. Shah Jahan built the Jama Masjid at Agra in 1648 in honour of his daughter Jahanara Begum

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding mughal architecture:

BuildingCredit for Construction
1Shalmar Bagh (kashmir)Jahangir
2Red FortShah Jahan
3Bibi-ki-MaqbaraAurengzeb

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Solutions:

QuesSolExplanation
1dThe Islamic style also incorporated many elements from the traditional Indian style like decorative brackets, balconies etc. The use of lime as mortar was also a major element distinct from the traditional building style.
2dThe period during Tughlaqs was called as ‘crisis period of architecture’ because focus was on strength rather than beauty.
3c
4dWhile trabeate method used stone, arcuate method involved use of brick, lime and mortar.
5aAlthough Sikander Lodi’s tomb as the first garden tomb
built in India, it is Humayun’s tomb which strikes a new
note. It is a memorial erected by a devoted wife for her
imperial husband and is magnificent, grand and impressive.
6c
7c
8dSikandra, Agra
9c
10c

 

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