MCQs on Art & Culture – Indian Paintings

MCQs on Art & Culture – Indian Paintings

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding Evolution of Indian paintings:

  1. There is no definite evidence from the Indus valley Civilization of any painting activity.
  2. Indian painting reached a high level of achievement around Gupta period of Ajanta and at Bagh in central India.
  3. Paintings were largely absent from south India till ancient historical period.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding AJANTA CAVE PAINTING:

  1. They are Jain paintings and associated with the Jatakas, recording the previous births of the Lord Mahavira.
  2. Principal characters in most of the designs are in heroic proportions.

Identify the correct statements
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Indian Paintings:

  1. Sadanga of Indian painting refers to the six limbs of Indian Painting which evolved around 1st century BC.
  2. Vatsyayana who lived during the third century A.D., has enumerated six limbs in his work Kamasutra.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding Genres of Indian Painting:

  1. Indian paintings can be broadly classified as murals and miniatures.
  2. Murals are large works executed on the walls of solid structures, as in the Ajanta Caves and the Kailashnath temple.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding

  1. Miniature paintings are executed on a very small scale for books or albums on perishable
    material such as paper and cloth.
  2. The Palas of Bengal were the pioneers of miniature painting in India.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding Mughal Painting:

  1. Mughal paintings were a unique blend of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles.
  2. One of the first productions of that school of miniature painting was the Hamzanama series.
  3. While Aurangzeb was a great patron of paintings, Akbar had no interest in paintings.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding Rajput Painting:

  1. Whereas Mughal painting was contemporary in style, Rājput was traditional and romantic.
  2. Rājput painting is further divided into Rājasthanī painting and central India, and Pahari painting.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding PAHARI SCHOOL of Indian Paintings:

  1. It fluorished in the Pahari region which comprised the present State of Himachal Pradesh, parts of Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh.
  2. Basholi, Guler, Kangra and Kulu-Mandi Paintings were part of this school.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding Madhubani Paintings:

  1. Madhubani painting originated in a small village of the Uttar Pradesh state of India.
  2. Painting is done with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments, and is characterized by eye-catching geometrical patterns.
  3. The themes & designs widely painted are of Hindu deities such as Krishna, Rama, Siva, Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Sun and Moon, Tulasi plant, court scenes, wedding scenes, social happenings etc.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding school of painting and region where it flourished:

Painting type/SchoolRegion
1Kalighat PaintingsKolkata
2Phad (Scroll Paintings)Rajasthan
3Kalamkari (Pen-work)Andhra Pradesh

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding Kollam:

  1. Kolam is a free-hand drawing with symmetrical and neat geometrical patterns.
  2. It comprises of a ritualistic design drawn at the threshold of households and temples.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding Deccani Paintings:

  1. It is one of three schools of south indian paitings – other two being mysore & tanjore.
  2. The colors of the Deccani schools paintings are rich and brilliant and are different from those of the northern painting.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Solutions:

QuesSolExplanation
1aFurther south, in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, the 7th century Kailashnath temple has paintings in a bold style with stylized facial features. During the second phase, from the 9th to the 12th century, we find new sensibilities. The paintings of murals in south depict both stories from the epics and secular representations of king Rajaraja the Great, with his queens.
2bThey are buddhist and associated with the Jatakas, recording the previous births of the Lord
Buddha.
3c
4c
5c
6aOne of the first productions of that school of miniature painting was the Hamzanama series – stories of Amir Hamza, an uncle of the Prophet. Akbar had interest in paintings and not aurengzeb
7c
8c
9bMadhubani painting originated in a small village of the Bihar state of India. The work was done on freshly plastered or a mud wall. The traditional base of freshly plastered mud wall of huts has now been replaced by cloth, handmade paper and canvas.
10c
11c
12cDeccani school developed independent of the Mughal style in the beginning, but later, as the mughal artists started migrating to down south, the schools of deccan show the influence of Mughal style. Notable works of this school include Ahmednagar, Bijapur & Golconda.

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