MCQs on Art & Culture – Indian Music

MCQs on Art & Culture – Indian Music

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding Indian Music:

  1. The two distinct styles, Hindustani and Carnatic came into vogue after the advent of the Muslims, particularly during the reign of the Mughal Emperors of Delhi.
  2. Dhruppad, Khayal, Tappa, Thumri etc are styles of Carnatic Music.
  3. Samaveda is veda of Music.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding Raga:

  1. A minimum number of five notes are necessary to gain the status of raga.
  2. In Hindustani music nine notes are quite common. But in carnatic music more than seven notes are rare.
  3. It is usual to attribute a particular season and time to ragas.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Tala:

  1. Tala is a rhythmic arrangement of beats in a cyclic manner.
  2. According to ancient texts there are hundred and eight talas.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding Forms of Indian Music:

  1. Musicians in India can invent numerous musical structures with a raga and tala.
  2. These structures can either be closed called anibaddha or open called nibaddha.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding Khayal form of Indian Music:

  1. Amir Khusrau (13th century) is said to be the inventor of khayal.
  2. It is the most popular form of vocal music in north India.
  3. Khayal is romantic and delicate.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding dhrupad form of indian music:

  1. The style is characterized by masculinity in nature as these are rendered in ragas only and not raginis.
  2. Rhythmic variations are generally absent.
  3. The exposition preceding the composed verses is called alap, and is usually the longest portion of the performance.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding thumri:

  1. It is a very light form, extremely lyrical.
  2. The sentiment is usually erotic; dealing with emotion of love and romance.
  3. It forms an important form of Kathak dance.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding indian music:

  1. Tappa is a type of singing supposed to have grown from the songs of the camel drivers of
    North-West India.
  2. Tarana is a simpler form full of meaningful words.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding Gharanas:

  1. The word Gharana has its root in the Hindi word Ghar meaning ‘the house’.
  2. There is a rich tradition of Gharanas in classical Hindustani music.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding Carnatic Music:

  1. The word ‘Carnatic’ was coined by Vidyaranya in the fifteenth century.
  2. Carnatic denotes south Indian music distinct from the Hindustani music.
  3. The immortal Trinity of Carnatic music are Thyagaraja, Syama Sastrya and Muthuswami
    Dikshita.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding difference between Hindustani (North) & Carnatic (South) Music:

  1. The oscillations of notes are much faster in Hindustani music than in Carnatic music.
  2. Both are very different in regard to Tala.
  3. Whereas the Indian music of the Northern part of India assimilated some features of the music of the Persian and Arabic musicians who adorned the courts of the Mughal rulers of Delhi, the music of the South continued to develop along its own original lines.
  4. Clear cut demarcations in the style of musical presentation, similar to the gharanas of Hindustani music are not seen in Carnatic music

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1, 2 & 3 only
b) 2, 3 & 4 only
c) All are correct
d) 3 & 4 only.

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding Jal tarang:

  1. It consists of a number of China bowls, the number depending on the notes to be played.
  2. This is characterised by pouring certain fixed quantity of water in each bowl.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q13. Consider the following Statements regarding Musical instruments of India:

  1. Natya Shastra, compiled by Bharat Muni, divides musical instruments into four main categories on the basis of how sound is produced.
  2. Stringed, Wind, Solid & Percussion Instruments are four categories of instruments.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q14. Consider the following Statements regarding types of musical instruments:

Musical InstrumentType
1SantoorString Instrument
2FluteWind Instrument
3TablaSolid Instrument
4Ghatam (earthenware pot)Percussion Instrument

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1, 2 & 3 only
b) 2, 3 & 4 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 2 only.

Q15. Consider the following Statements regarding GHAZAL:

  1. The ghazal is mainly a poetic form than a musical form.
  2. The ghazal never exceeds 12 shers (couplets) and on an average, ghazals usually have about 7 shers.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Solutions:

QuesSolExplanation
1dDhruppad, Khayal, Tappa, Thumri etc are styles of Hindustani Music.
2cA minimum number of five notes are necessary to gain the status of raga. The upper limit is seven.
3c
4aThese structures can either be closed or open. Closed ones are called nibaddha. Open ones are called anibaddha. Nibaddha follows tala and has words- meaningful or meaningless- and definite parts with preset beginning and end or in other words one can call it a “composition”. Anibaddha on the contrary may not follow tala and may be devoid of words.
5cTwo types of Khayal are in vogue the bada (large) and the chhota) small.
6dGreat stress is laid on rhythmic variations.
7c
8aTappa literally means ‘jump’ in Persian. They are essentially folklore of love and passion and are written in Punjabi. Tarana is a form which has no meaningful word.
9c
10cThe immortal Trinity of Carnatic music, Thyagaraja, Syama Sastrya and Muthuswami Dikshita, were born in the later half of the nineteenth century. The greatest of them was undoubtedly Thyagaraja.
11bBoth trace their evolution through Sama Veda music. The oscillations of notes are much faster in Carnatic music than in Hindustani music.
12c
13c
14d3 & 4 are interchanged
15c

 

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