MCQs on Art & Culture – Indian Languages & Literature

MCQs on Art & Culture – Indian Languages & Literature

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding aranyakas:

  1. The Aranyakas or the treatises of the forest have their origin in the philosophical discussions of the Brahmanas.
  2. They represent the transitional phase between the ritualistic symbolism of the Brahmanas and the philosophical doctrines of the Upanishads.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding Upanishads:

  1. They are written only in form of prose.
  2. In the literal term, it means that knowledge which is imparted to the student who is sitting very near to the teacher.
  3. The Upanishads are the end of the Vedas.
  4. They are expressions of philosophical concepts.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1, 2 & 3 only
b) 2, 3 & 4 only
c) All are correct
d) 2 & 4 only.

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Puranas:

  1. The Puranas were written to illustrate and expound the truth of the Vedas.
  2. The fundamental abstruse philosophical and religious truths are expounded through popular legends or mythological stories.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding Kalidasa’s contributions to classical sansktrit literature:

  1. Kalidasa wrote two great epics, Kumarasambhava (the birth of Kumar), and Raghuvamsa (the dynasty of the Raghus).
  2. Kalidasa is the most distinguished dramatist and his treatment of the rasa of love in all its possible manifestations in the three plays Malavikagnimitra (Malavika and Agnimitra), Vikramorvasiya (Vikram and Urvasi) and Abhigyana Shakuntala (the recognition of Shakuntala) is unparalleled.
  3. In Kalidasa’s narrative lyric poem, Meghaduta (the cloud messenger), the poet makes a cloud a messenger to tell the story of two lovers who are separated.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 2 only

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding classical indian literature:

  1. Panchtantra was written by Narayan Pandit..
  2. Hitopadesha was written by Vishnu Sharma.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding Buddhist texts Tipitaka:

Buddhist LiteratureBrief Description
1 Vinaya Pitaka speeches and dialogues of the Buddha
2Sutta Pitakamonastic rules of the Order of Buddhist monks
3Abhidhamma Pitakatopics dealing with ethics, psychology or theory of knowledge.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 3 only

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding Prakrit Literature:

  1. Most of Buddhist literature is written in Prakrit.
  2. The vast prakrit literature written even by Jain saints is full of erotic elements as they believed that it was easy to teach religion cloaked by erotic episodes.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding Dravidian literature/languages:

  1. Dravidian literature mainly consists of the four languages, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam.
  2. All these languages have borrowed many words from Sanskrit and vice versa.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding tamil literature:

  1. Early classical Tamil literature is known as Sangam literature meaning ‘fraternity’, indicating mainly two schools of poets, aham, and puram.
  2. Puram deals purely with the subjective emotions of the lover, and aham with all kinds of emotions, mainly the valour and glory of kings, and about good and evil.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding female poets of south India:

  1. Sangam classics were written by 473 poets, among whom 30 were women, the famous poetess Avvaiyar being one of them.
  2. The religion of Alvar poets, which included a woman poet, Andal, was devotion to God through love (bhakti).

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding Bhakti literature:

  1. Bhakti literature is the most important development of the medieval period.
  2. The dominating note in bhakti is ecstasy and total identity with God.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding Classification of Indian languages:

The language spoken by the people of India belong to the four language families – Indo-European, Dravidian, Austric & Sino-Tibetan.

Dravidian is the biggest of the languages groups in India.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Solutions:

QuesSolExplanation
1c
2bThey are written both in prose and poetry.
3cThe main Puranas are 18 encyclopaedic collections of legend and myth.
4c
5dBoth are reversed
6d1 & 2 are reversed
7bMost of Jain literature is written in Prakrit.
8c
9aAham deals purely with the subjective emotions of the lover, and puram with all kinds of emotions, mainly the valour and glory of kings, and about good and evil.
10c
11c
12aIndo-European is the biggest of the languages groups in India, accounting for about 73 per cent of the entire Indian population, next followed by Dravidian.

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