MCQs on Art & Culture – Indian Dances

MCQs on Art & Culture – Indian Dances

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding Classical Dances of India:

  1. Each has a link with the literature, sculptural and musical traditions of the ancient and medieval period of India and the particular region.
  2. They all adhere to the principles enunciated by Bharata, namely of the division of dance into nritta (pure of abstract dance), nritya (dance with mime), of tandava and lasya of stylized presentation (natyadharmi).

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding Bharatnatyam:

  1. As a solo dance, Bharatnatyam leans heavily on the abhinaya or mime aspect of dance – the nritya.
  2. Bharatnatyam performance ends with a tillana which has its origin in the tarana of Hindustani music.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Kathak:

  1. Kathak is the only form of classical dance wedded to Carnatic or the South Indian music.
  2. Its origins are old, its present format new, attributed to the genius of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah and the hereditary musical dancer, Pandit Thakur Prasadji.
  3. The weight of the body is equally distributed along the horizontal and vertical axis.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding .KUCHIPUDI:

  1. To show the dexterity of the dancers in footwork and their control and balance over their bodies, techniques like dancing on the rim of a brass plate and with a pitcher full of water on the head was introduced.
  2. It is followed by nritta, that is, non-narrative and abstract dancing. A Kuchipudi recital is usually concluded with tarangam.
  3. Earlier confined to males only, today it has extended to females also.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding .KATHAKALI:

  1. The face of the artist is painted over to appear as though a mask is worn.
  2. The facial muscles play an important part.
  3. The weight of the body is equally distributed along foot which are unbent and kept straight throughout the performance.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding ODISSI:

  1. Many of today’s gurus of this style belong to the gotipua tradition (men dressed as women).
  2. The techniques of movement are built around the two basic postures of the Chowk (square masculine stance) and the Tribhanga (deflected feminine stance).
  3. The focus is on moving lower part of the body and upper torso is kept static.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding SATTRIYA:

  1. It was introduced in the 15th century A.D by the great Vaishnava saint and reformer of Assam, Mahapurusha Sankaradeva.
  2. Devadasi dance (earlier dance form of assam) has considerable influence over rhythmic syllables and dance postures of Sattriya.
  3. Sattriya dance tradition is governed by strictly laid down principles in respect of hastamudras, footworks, aharyas, music etc.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding MANIPURI:

  1. Manipuri dance incorporates both the tandava and lasya and ranges from the most vigorous masculine to the subdued and graceful feminine.
  2. Main characteristic ornament is ankle bells worne by the artist to create a rhythmic theatrical display.
  3. The main musical instrument is the Pung or the Manipuri classical drum.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding MOHINIYATTAM:

  1. What is unique is the easy going rise and fall of the body, with emphasis mainly on the torso.
  2. The traditional costume worn in Mohiniyattam is white with a gold border, and gold ornaments are worn.
  3. It is mainly a group dance performed jointly by men and women.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding folk dances of India:

Folk DanceState
1RouffJammu & Kashmir
2GhoomarRajasthan
3LavaniMaharashtra
4RautnachaChattisgarh

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1, 2 & 3 only
b) 2, 3 & 4 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding folk dances of India:

Folk DanceState
1GhumuraOdisha
2PulikalliKerala
3Dollu KunithaKarnataka
4ChhauTamilnadu

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1, 2 & 3 only
b) 2, 3 & 4 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding differences between folk dance & classical dances:

  1. Folk dancing is a simple dance form meant for group performance while Classical dance is dance that is highly stylized, intended for performance.
  2. Folk dances are common people’s dances while Classical dances are performed by professional or highly trained dancers.
  3. Folk dancing is usually stricter with technical aspects while Classical is much simpler and free.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Solutions:

QuesSolExplanation
1c
2c
3bKathak is the only form of classical dance wedded to Hindustani or the North Indian music. In it, full foot contact is of prime importance and there is no use of sharp bends or body curves.
4c
5aThe technical details cover every part of the body from facial muscles to fingers, eyes, hands and wrists. The weight of the body is on the outer edges of the feet which are slightly bent and curved.Unlike the other dances, it is dramatic rather than narrative in character.
6aFacial expressions, hand gestures and body movements are used to suggest a certain feeling, an emotion or one of the nine rasas. A 12th century poetic work called Gita Govinda has dominated the poetic and musical content of the dance style. With the lower half of the body remaining static, the torso moves from one side to the other.
7c
8dThe themes often depict the pangs of separation of the gopis and Radha from Krishna. The dancers do not wear ankle bells to stamp out the rhythms in a theatrical display, as this interferes with the delicate body movements.
9aThe unique coiffure with hair gathered on the left side of the head reflect it’s aesthetic appeal, making it distinct from the other dance forms of India. It is a solo dance performed by women only.
10c
11aChhau – West Bengal. For details, refer this link – http://blogs.shatika.co.in/2015/07/10/15-most-famous-traditional-folk-dances-of-indian-states/
12aFolk dancing is simpler and free while Classical is usually stricter with technical aspects.

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