MCQs on Art & Culture – Architecture in Ancient India

MCQs on Art & Culture – Architecture in Ancient India

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding Indus Valley Civilization:

  1. There is amplle evidence of temples across almost all IVC sites.
  2. Most of the houses had private wells and bathrooms.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding Mauryan Period Architecture:

  1. While most of the shapes and decorative forms employed were indigenous in origin, some exotic forms show the influence of Greek, Persian and Egyptian cultures.
  2. Monolithic Ashokan pillars are marvels of Mauryan architecture and sculpture.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Gandhara School of Art:

  1. It imbibed all kinds of foreign influences like Persian, Greek, Roman, Saka and Kushan.
  2. Its most important contribution is evolution of beautiful images of the Buddha and Bodhisattavas, which were executed in black stone.
  3. Its typical features are rich carving, elaborate ornamentation and complex symbolism.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q4. Consider the following Statements regarding Mathura school of Art:

  1. Like Gandhara Art, the figures have moustaches and beards.
  2. Use of spotted red sandstone is the key feature.
  3. They not only produced beautiful images of the Buddha but also of the Jain Tirthankaras and gods and goddesses of the Hindu pantheon.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q5. Consider the following Statements regarding Amravati School of Art:

  1. It developed on the banks of the Krishna River in modern Andhra Pradesh.
  2. It was patronized by Kushanas.
  3. Use of white marble is characteristic feature.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding Nagara School of Temple Architecture:

  1. The style of temple architecture that became popular in northern India is known as Nagara.
  2. An important feature is that entire temple is built on a stone platform with steps leading up to it.
  3. In elevation, a Sikhara, i.e., tower gradually inclines inwards in a convex curve, is another key feature.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding Dravidian style of temple architecture:

  1. The principal part, the temple itself, is called the Vimana surmounted by a pyramidal roof(s).
  2. Gopurams are the principal features in the enclosures that surround the more notable temples.
  3. The temple consists essentially of a square-chambered sanctuary topped by a superstructure, tower, or spire and an attached pillared porch or hall (Mandapam).

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) All are correct
d) 1 & 3 only

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding Vesara style of temple architecture:

  1. Vesara is a combination of NAGARA & DRAVIDIAN temple styles.
  2. Like dravidian style, they have vimana and mandapa but unlike dravidian style they do not have covered ambulatory around sanctum.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding Natraj sculpture of Lord Shiva:

  1. Shiva has been shown balancing himself on his right leg and suppressing the apasmara, the demon of ignorance or forgetfulness, with the foot of left leg.
  2. The circular jwala mala or the garland of flame surrounds the entire dancing figuration.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding stupa architecture:

  1. The stupa consists of a cylindrical drum and a circular anda with a harmika and chhatra on the top which remain consistent throughout with minor variations.
  2. The three chhatra on the stupas represent triratnas of Buddhism i.e. Buddha (The enlightened), Dhamma (doctrine) and Sangh (order).

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding Sarnath pillar of Ashoka:

  1. It was built in commemoration of the historical event of the first sermon or the
    Dhammachakrapravartana by Buddha at Sarnath.
  2. The capital originally consisted of five component parts with the crowning element,
    Dharamchakra-a large wheel.

Identify the correct statements:
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Q12. Under this technique, at first wax figures are covered with a coating of clay and allowed to dry. Then it is heated and the molten wax is allowed to drain out through a tiny hole at the bottom of the clay cover. The hollow mould is then filled with bronze or any other metal. Once the metal is cooled, the clay is removed. In light of this statement consider the following statements:

  1. This technique is known as “Lost wax technique”.
  2. This art of bronze casting was practiced on a wide scale under Harappan art.

Identify the correct statements:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) All are correct
d) None

Solutions:

QuesSolExplanation
1b1. There is no evidence of temples.
2c
3c
4bThe figures do not have moustaches and beards as in the Gandhara Art.
5dIt was patronized by Satvahanas & Icchavakus.
6c
7c
8c
9bShiva has been shown balancing himself on his right leg and suppressing the apasmara, the demon of ignorance or forgetfulness, with the foot of same leg. At the same time he raises his left leg in bhujangtrasita stance, which represents tirobhava that is kicking away the veil of maya or illusion from the devotee’s mind.
10cIn the subsequent century, stupas were elaborately built with certain additions like the
enclosing of the circumambulatory path with railings and sculptural decoration.
11cThe capital originally consisted of five component parts: (i) the shaft (which is broken in many parts now), (ii) a lotus bell base, (iii) a drum on the bell base with four animals proceeding clockwise, (iv) the figures of four majestic addorsed lions, and (v) the crowning element, Dharamchakra, a large wheel,
12cThis art of bronze casting was practiced on a wide scale under Harappan art.

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