Geography NCERT Class 11 MCQs

MCQs based on Class 11 Geography NCERT

(UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION & OTHER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS)

NCERT Books are the backbone of UPSC preparation. Here, we present a set of MCQs based on Key NCERT Books to enable you to revise and test your knowledge of NCERT Books.

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Q1. Consider the following Statements regarding Nebular Hypothesis:

  1. It was proposed by german philosopher Immanuel Kant explaining the origin of earth.
  2. The hypothesis considered that the planets were formed out of a cloud of material associated with a youthful sun, which was slowly rotating.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q2. Consider the following Statements regarding Big Bang Theory:

  1. The theory explains the origin of human life.
  2. The theory believes that In the beginning, all matter forming the universe existed in one place in the form of a “tiny ball” whose explosion lead to huge expansion and creation of universe.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q3. Consider the following Statements regarding Solar system:

  1. Out of the eight planets, mercury, venus, earth and mars are called Jovian or gas like planets.
  2. The rest four are called terrestrial or earth-like.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q4. Arrange the following Era in geological time scale in chronological order:

  1. Pre-Cambrian
  2. Palaezoic
  3. Mesozoic
  4. Cenozoic

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 2 3 4
  2. b) 2 3 4 1
  3. c) 1 4 3 2
  4. d) 4 2 1 3

Q5. Consider the following Statements

PeriodEvent
1SilurianFirst trace of life on land: Plants
2CarboniferousFirst Reptiles
3JurassicExtinction of Dinosaurs
4TertiaryEarly Human Ancestor

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 & 2 only
  2. b) 2, 3 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 1,2 & 4 only

Q6. Consider the following Statements regarding study of earth’s interior:

  1. Deep Ocean Drilling & Volcanic Eruption are indirect sources of information about earth’s interior.
  2. Meteors, gravitation, magnetic field, and seismic activity are direct sources of information about earth’s interior.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q7. Consider the following Statements regarding Earthquake Waves:

  1. All natural earthquakes take place in the lithosphere.
  2. Earthquake waves are basically of two types — body waves and surface waves.
  3. P waves & S waves are two types of body waves.
  4. The shadow zone of P-wave is much larger than that of the S-waves.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1,2 & 3 only
  2. b) 2, 3 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 1 & 2 only

Q8. Consider the following Statements regarding measurement of Earthquakes:

TypeMeaningInstrumentRange
1Magnitudeenergy released during the quake.Richter scale0 to 10
2Intensitydamage
caused
Mercalli scale1 to 12

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q9. Consider the following Statements regarding Crust:

  1. Continental crust is thinner as compared to the oceanic crust.
  2. Half of the earth’s crust is composed of feldspar.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q10. Consider the following Statements regarding Mantle:

  1. The mantle extends from Moho’s discontinuity to a depth of 2,900 km.
  2. The mantle contains a weaker zone called asthenosphere which is main source of magma

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q11. Consider the following Statements regarding Core:

  1. The outer core is in solid state while the inner core is in liquid state.
  2. It is sometimes referred to as the nife layer.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q12. Consider the following Statements regarding Types of Volcanoes

Type of VolcanoMajor Characteristic
1Shield Volcanoesmostly made up of basalt & hence not steep
2Composite Volcanoeseruptions of cooler and more viscous lavas leading to layer formation
3Calderaso explosive that when they erupt they tend to collapse on themselves
4Flood Basalt Provinceshighly fluid lava that flows for long distances.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1,2 & 3 only
  2. b) 2,3 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q13. Consider the following Statements regarding Volcanic Landforms:

Volcanic LandformMajor Feature
1Batholithscooled portion of magma chambers.
2Lacolithslarge dome-shaped intrusive bodies
3Dykeslava makes its way through cracks
and the fissures developed in the land,

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 & 2 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q14. Consider the following Statements regarding CONTINENTAL DRIFT THEORY:

  1. It was put forward by Alfred Wegner.
  2. According to Wegener, all the continents formed a single continental mass called Panthalasa and mega ocean Pangea surrounded the same.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q15. Consider the following Statements in support of Continental Drift theory:

  1. Matching of Continents (Jig-Saw-Fit)
  2. Rocks of Same Age & type Across the Oceans
  3. Rich placer deposits of gold in the Ghana coast and the absolute absence of source rock in the region

Identify the correct statements which support theory:

  1. a) 1 & 3 only
  2. b) 1 & 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q16. Consider the following Statements regarding forces for drifting of Continents under CDT:

  1. The first force which Wegner suggested was Polar-fleeing force which relates to the rotation of the earth.
  2. The second force that was suggested by Wegener—the tidal force.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q17. Consider the following Statements regarding Ocean Floor Configuration:

  1. The ocean floor may be segmented into major divisions – continental margins, deep-sea basins and mid-ocean ridges.
  2. Deep sea ridges include continental shelf, continental slope, continental rise and deep-oceanic trenches.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q18. Consider the following Statements regarding PLATE TECTONICS:

  1. The theory of plate tectonics proposes that the earth’s lithosphere is divided into seven major and some minor plates.
  2. The slow movement of hot, softened mantle that lies below the rigid plates is the driving force behind the plate movement.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q19. Consider the following Statements regarding location of minor plates:

PlateLocation
1Cocos plateBetween Central America
and Pacific plate
2Nazca plateSouth America
and Pacific plate
3Caroline plateBetween the Philippine
and pacific plate
4Fuji plateNorth-east of Australia

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1,2 & 3 only
  2. b) 1, 2 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q20. Consider the following Statements regarding plate boundaries:

Type of Plate BoundaryKey Feature
1Divergent Boundariesspreading sites
2Convergent Boundariessubduction zone.
3Transform BoundariesFaults

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 & 3 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q21. Consider the following Statements regarding INDIAN PLATE:

  1. The Western margin follows Kirthar Mountain of Pakistan.
  2. The Tethys Sea separated it from the Asian continent till about 225 million years ago.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q22. Consider the following Statements regarding Igneous Rocks

  1. They are formed when magma cools and solidifies.
  2. Granite, gabbro, pegmatite, basalt, volcanic breccia and tuff are some of
    the examples of igneous rocks.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q23. Consider the following Statements regarding Sedimentary Rocks:

  1. In many sedimentary rocks, the layers of deposits retain their characteristics even after lithification.
  2. Examples include sandstone, limestone, coal etc.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q24. Consider the following Statements regarding Metamorphic Rocks:

  1. These rocks form under the action of pressure, volume and temperature (PVT) changes.
  2. Gneissoid, granite, syenite, slate, schist, marble, quartzite etc. are some examples of metamorphic rocks.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q25. Consider the following Statements regarding Diastrophism:

  1. All processes that move, elevate or build up portions of the earth’s crust come under diastrophism.
  2. Orogenic processes are part of diastrophism.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q26. Consider the following Statements regarding moon:

  1. It is only natural satellite of earth.
  2. It is believed to be formed out of earth only.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q27. Which of the following are chemical weathering processes:

  1. Solution
  2. Carbonation
  3. Hydration
  4. Oxidation and Reduction

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1,2 & 3 only
  2. b) 1,2 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 1 & 3 only

Q28. Which of following are physical weathering processes:

  1. Exfoliation
  2. Freezing, Thawing and Frost Wedging
  3. Temperature Changes and Expansion
  4. Salt Weathering

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1,2 & 3 only
  2. b) 2 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q29. Consider the following Statements regarding STRUCTURE OF THE ATMOSPHERE:

  1. Density is lowest near the surface of the earth and increases with increasing altitude.
  2. One important feature of the stratosphere is that it contains the ozone layer.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q30. Which of following factors cause variations in insolation:

  1. rotation of earth
  2. the angle of inclination of the sun’s rays
  3. transparency of the atmosphere
  4. configuration of land

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1,2 & 4 only
  2. b) 2, 3 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q31. Consider the following Statements regarding HEATING AND COOLING OF ATMOSPHERE:

  1. Convection is important in heating the lower layers of the atmosphere.
  2. The convective transfer of energy is confined only to the troposphere.
  3. ‘loo’ is the outcome of advection process.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 & 3 only
  2. b) 2 & 3 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 1 & 4 only

Q32. Consider the following Statements regarding Heat Budget of the Planet Earth:

  1. This explains, why the earth neither warms up nor cools down despite the huge transfer of
    heat that takes place.
  2. There is a deficit of net radiation balance between 40 degrees north and south and the
    regions near the poles have a surplus.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q33. Which of following factors influence temperature of a place:

  1. The latitude
  2. The altitude
  3. Distance from the sea
  4. Air-mass and Ocean currents

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1, 2 & 3 only
  2. b) 2, 3 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 2 & 4 only

Q34. Which of the following forces affect the Velocity and Direction of Wind:

  1. Pressure Gradient Force
  2. Frictional Force
  3. Coriolis Force

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 & 3 only
  2. b) 2 & 3  only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 2 only

Q35. Consider the following Statements regarding Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)

  1. The air at the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) rises because of convection caused
    by high insolation and a high pressure is created.
  2. The easterlies from either side of the equator converge in the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ).

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q36. Consider the following Statements regarding Fronts:

  1. When two different air masses meet, the boundary zone between them is called a front.
  2. The fronts occur in middle latitudes and cause the air to rise to form clouds and cause precipitation.
  3. There are four types of fronts: (a) Cold; (b) Warm; (c) Stationary; (d) Occluded.
  4. If an air mass is fully lifted above the land surface, it is called the stationery front.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1, 2 & 3 only
  2. b) 2, 3 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 2 & 4 only

Q37. Consider the following Statements regarding condensation of water vapour:

  1. When the moisture is deposited in the form of water droplets on cooler surfaces of stones, grass blades and plant leaves, it is known as dew.
  2. Frost forms on cold surfaces when condensation takes place below freezing point.
  3. The difference between the mist and fog is that mist contains more moisture than the fog.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 & 3 only
  2. b) 2 & 3  only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 2 only

Q38. Consider the following Statements regarding clouds:

Type of CloudKey Feature
1CirrusFeathery clouds at high altitudes
2Cumulusexist in patches with flat base
3Stratuslayered clouds
4NimbusBlack or dense clouds

 

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1, 2 & 3 only
  2. b) 2, 3 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 2 & 4 only

Q39. Consider the following Statements regarding different forms of precipitation:

  1. Besides rain and snow, other forms of precipitation are sleet and hail.
  2. When a layer of air with the temperature above freezing point overlies a subfreezing layer near the ground, precipitation takes place in the form of sleet.
  3. Hailstones are formed by the rainwater passing through the colder layers.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 & 3 only
  2. b) 2 & 3  only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 2 only

Q40. Which of the following are Green House Gases:

  1. Carbon Dioxide
  2. Chlorofluorocarbons
  3. Methane
  4. Nitrous Oxide
  5. Ozone

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1, 2 & 3 only
  2. b) 1, 2, 3 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 2 & 4 only

Q41. Consider the following Statements regarding Divisions of the Ocean Floors:

  1. Canyons and trenches are observed in continental shelves.
  2. Seamount is a mountain with pointed summits, rising from the seafloor that reaches the surface of the ocean.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q42. Consider the following Statements regarding continental shelves:

  1. Continental shelves are almost absent or very narrow along some of the margins like the coasts of Chile,the west coast of Sumatra, etc.
  2. Siberian shelf in the Arctic Ocean, the largest in the world, stretches to 1,500 km in width.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q43. Which of the following factors affect the temperature distribution of ocean water:

  1. Latitude
  2. Unequal distribution of land and water
  3. Prevailing wind
  4. Ocean currents

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1, 2 & 3 only
  2. b) 2, 3 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 2 & 4 only

Q44. Which of the following factors influence salinity of ocean waters:

  1. Evaporation
  2. Precipitation
  3. Fresh water from rivers
  4. Prevailing Winds
  5. Ocean Currents

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1, 2 & 3 only
  2. b) 1, 2, 3 & 4 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) 2 & 4 only

Q45. Consider the following Statements regarding Ocean Currents:

  1. The best fishing grounds of the world exist mainly in the mixing zones of warm & cold ocean current.
  2. Gravity is one of factor influencing ocean currents.

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q46. _______ in the ecological sense is the totality of the physical and chemical factors that constitute the general environment.

  1. a) Habitat
  2. b) Biome
  3. c) Ecology
  4. d) Niche

Q47. _______ is a plant and animal community that covers a large geographical area.

  1. a) Habitat
  2. b) Biome
  3. c) Ecology
  4. d) Niche

Q48. ___________ can be defined as a scientific study of the interactions of organisms with their
physical environment and with each other.

  1. a) Habitat
  2. b) Biome
  3. c) Ecology
  4. d) Niche

Q49. Consider the following Statements regarding Nitrogen Cycle:

  1. Certain species of soil bacteria and blue green algae are capable
    of utilising nitrogen directly in its gaseous form.
  2. Nitrogen can also be fixed in the atmosphere by lightning and
    cosmic radiation

Identify the correct statements:

  1. a) 1 only
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

Q50. ____________ is the basic source of energy on which all life depends.

  1. a) Sun
  2. b) 2 only
  3. c) All are correct
  4. d) None

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